Henry H. Bliss

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Henry Bliss, 1873

Henry Hale Bliss (June 13, 1830 – September 14, 1899) was the first person killed by a motor vehicle crash in the United States, and the first known in the Americas.[1]

Automobile Crash[edit]

On September 13, 1899 he was disembarking from a streetcar at West 74th Street and Central Park West in New York City, when an electric-powered taxicab (Automobile No. 43) struck him and crushed his head and chest. He died from his injuries the next morning.

Arthur Smith, the driver of the taxicab, was arrested and charged with manslaughter but was acquitted on the grounds that he had no malice, nor was he negligent.

The passenger, Dr. David Edson, was the son of former New York City mayor Franklin Edson.


A plaque was dedicated at the site on September 13, 1999, to commemorate the centenary of this event. It reads:

The ceremony was attended by his great-granddaughter, who placed roses on the place where Bliss was struck.


  1. ^ In this context "Western Hemisphere" means "The half of the earth comprising North and South America and surrounding waters."


  1. ^ Dimeo-Ediger, Winona (September 2009). Johns, Chris, ed. "Saved By the Belt". National Geographic (National Geographic Society) 216 (3). ISSN 0027-9358. 

External links[edit]