Henry William Bruce

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Sir Henry Bruce
Born 2 February 1792
Died 14 December 1863 (1863-12-15) (aged 71)
Liverpool, United Kingdom
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1803–1863
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Britannia
HMS Imogene
HMS Agincourt
HMS Queen
Pacific Station
Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars Crimean War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Admiral Sir Henry William Bruce KCB (2 February 1792 – 14 December 1863) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.

Military career[edit]

Born the son of Sir Henry Hervey Aston Bruce, 1st Baronet, Bruce joined the Royal Navy in 1803.[1] He took part in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.[1] He also took part in the War of 1812.[1] He became Captain of HMS Britannia in 1823, of HMS Imogene in 1836, of HMS Agincourt in 1842 and of HMS Queen in 1847.[2]

In 1851 he was appointed Commodore of the West Coast of Africa Station.[1] He negotiated and signed the Treaty Between Great Britain and Lagos of 1 January 1852.[3] Then in 1854, as Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station, he founded a military hospital at Esquimalt.[1] He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1860.[4]

He lived at Ballyscullion in Northern Ireland.[5] He died in Liverpool while still serving as a naval officer and was interred in the family vault at Downhill in Northern Ireland.[6]

Family[edit]

In 1822 he married Jane Cochrane.[5] In 1832, following the death of his first wife, he married Louisa Mary Minchin Dalrymple.[5]

Legacy[edit]

Sir Henry William Bruce silver plate and sword in Bruce Neuk at the Britannia Yacht Club in Ottawa, Ontario

"This piece of silver plate was presented to Sir Henry William Bruce by his Captains, Commanders, and Lieutenants in 1854 as a token of their grateful sense of his uniform, kindness and consideration to themselves, the officers and ship's companies under their command, during the period they had the pleasure of serving under him on the West Coast of Africa".[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Admiral Sir Henry William Bruce Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Naval & Military Museum
  2. ^ William Loney RN
  3. ^ Smith, Robert. The Lagos Consulate 1851-1861. Macmillan. pp. 135–137. ISBN 9780520037465. 
  4. ^ History in Portsmouth Archived 27 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b c The Peerage.com
  6. ^ Scottish War Graves Project
  7. ^ Sir Henry W Bruce silver plate and sword in the Bruce Neuk at the Britannia Yacht Club, Ottawa, Ontario

See also[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir David Price
Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station
1854–1857
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Baynes
Preceded by
Sir William Bowles
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1860–1863
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Seymour