Hollaback!

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Hollaback!
Hollaback.jpg
Type Activist group
Focus Women's liberation
Website ihollaback.org

Hollaback! is a photoblog and grassroots initiative to raise awareness about and combat street harassment by posting photographs and narrative accounts of individuals' encounters with offenders. Altogether, Hollaback! is run by local activists in 79 cities, 26 countries, and operates in 14 languages.[1]

In May 2010, co-founder Emily May became Hollaback!'s first full-time executive director, and the organization successfully raised close to $15,000 on the internet fundraising platform, Kickstarter, to fund the development and release of the Hollaback! iPhone application. Since then, the organization has received funding from New York Women’s Foundation, the Ms. Foundation, Voqal, the Knight Foundation, Ashoka, and the New York City Government.

History[edit]

Seven New York City residents, four cis-gender-women and three cis-gender-men, founded the organization in 2005 after a well-publicized occurrence of street harassment prompted them to discuss their own encounters.[2] After being ignored by the police, a cis-gender-woman named Thao Nguyen uploaded a photo she had taken of the man who had intentionally masturbated across from her on the subway.[3] This photo appeared on the front page of the New York Daily News, and inspired the seven New York City residents to apply this same method to all forms of street harassment.[3] The women told story after story of their experiences with street harassment, experiences that were surprising to the men in the group because they had never dealt with harassment of that kind.[2] They collectively decided to do something about the issue of street harassment, an issue that affects women, girls, and LGBTQ individuals every day.[2]

Hollaback! has held many events around the world designed to raise awareness about street harassment, including film screenings, lectures, demonstrations, and book talks.[4]

On October 28, 2010, the New York City Council held the first hearing ever on street harassment.[5] Council Member Julissa Ferreras, who chairs the Women’s Issues Committee, called the hearing in order to stress the importance of joining forces in order to take action specifically in New York City. Each panelist recommended three steps towards eliminating street harassment: 1) A citywide study, focusing on the impact of street harassment and girls; 2) a citywide public information campaign that educates all genders, species and ages that harassment is unacceptable is the second point of action proposed; and 3) establishing “harassment-free zones” in schools in order to raise awareness and support of the movement. Emily May was among the speakers at the hearing; she encouraged those who identify as women to speak out against street harassment.[6]

After this hearing, New York City legislators invested $28,500 in Hollaback!. This investment gave the organization the infrastructure needed to report street harassment incidents to the New York City Council, via their platform "Councilstat."[7]

As of August 2012, multiple branches of the Hollaback! blog exist in other U.S. cities including Atlanta, Baltimore, Berkeley, Houston, Des Moines, Chicago, Columbia, Philadelphia and Portland.

In 2013, the London branch was involved in Project Guardian, a police initiative to reduce sexual harassment on public transport, including assisting in training of police officers to respond to complaints of sexual assaults.[8]

International Leadership Development[edit]

In January 2011, Hollaback! scaled internationally.[9] As of October 2014, the organization has sites in 79 cities in 26 countries.[9]

Prior to launching a new site, site leaders are first trained by Hollaback! employees so that they will have the skills necessary to operate their own blog.[10] Future site leaders are given the chance to interact with one another and the Hollaback! team, host events, and build partnerships with community members and media outlets.[9] Even after site leaders successfully launch their own branch of the organization, they remain active participants in the Hollaback! community.[9] The various branches work in coalition to further develop the organization, translate the Hollaback! website, and create shared resources.[9] In addition, site leaders receive monthly training in topics ranging from blogging to rape culture to holding events.[11]

'I’ve Got Your Back Bystander Campaign[edit]

Hollaback! has partnered with the bystander program Green Dot to give people strategies for intervening when they see street harassment taking place.[12] Oftentimes, women and LGBTQIIA2S (silent f) individuals get harassed and/or assaulted in public spaces while bystanders look on.[12] Through the “I’ve Got Your Back” campaign, Hollaback! is hoping to inspire more people to do something about street harassment when they see it happening.[12] This way, the target of the street harassment is empowered by the support of others, and he/she may be less likely to suffer further.[12]

College Initiative[edit]

The Hollaback! “College Initiative” is a campaign that aims to end sexual harassment on college campuses.[13] To do this, Hollaback! will give students the means to submit their experiences of harassment through the free iPhone and Droid apps, as well as their campus-specific Hollaback! website, which will link to a mapping system that will allow Hollaback! to track incidents of campus harassment.[13] Hollaback! will use the mapping system to demonstrate the impact of harassment to campus staff and administrators.[13]

When victims of harassment share their experiences on the Hollaback! website, their stories are read by hundreds of other people.[13] Reading about incidents of harassment has often inspired individuals to become enraged and seek change.[14] The “College Initiative,” like the initial Hollaback! mission, “will create a safe, action-oriented response to campus harassment and assault. By using data to establish the case against campus harassment, Hollaback!’s social change efforts will ultimately result in significant improvements in campus policy and a reduction in sexual harassment against students.”[13]

Anti-harassment video[edit]

In October 2014, Rob Bliss Creative created a video[15] which showed Shoshana Roberts,[16] a white woman in New York City, being harassed by men who said "Hello"[17] and "Good Morning."[18] In one scene, a man followed Shoshana for five minutes.[15] The video included a call to donate to Hollaback! in order to stop this harassment.

While 30–40% of the incidents of harassment in the video are perpetrated by white men, men of color are on camera for the largest portion of the video.[19] Numerous writers accused the video of being racist.[20] The organization later apologized for the "racial bias" in the video.[21][22] A petition at change.org was created to ask Hollaback! to release the entire 10 hours of footage, so people can see if it the two-minute video was selectively edited to be racist. Response to the video has included rape and death threats to subject of the video[23] and some journalists defended the behavior shown in the video, in some cases adding catcalls of their own.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hollaback! official website". Word Press. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b c http://www.ihollaback.org/about/history/
  3. ^ a b http://www.wloe.org/Holla-Back-to-End-Stree.340.0.html
  4. ^ http://nyc.ihollaback.org/past-events/
  5. ^ "Emily May, Harassment Avenger". Time. 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  6. ^ Bibi, Sarah (2010-10-28). "Street Harassment Finally Gets City Council's Attention". Gothamist. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  7. ^ May, Carter, Emily, Samuel. "State of the Streets 2011 Annual Report". Report. ISSUU. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  8. ^ Bates, Laura (1 October 2013). "Project Guardian: making public transport safer for women". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e http://www.ihollaback.org/about/
  10. ^ http://issuu.com/hollaback/docs/finalstate_of_the_streets_12.19/15
  11. ^ http://www.ihollaback.org/
  12. ^ a b c d http://www.ihollaback.org/get-involved/
  13. ^ a b c d e http://www.indiegogo.com/HollabackAgainstCampusHarassment
  14. ^ http://www.ihollaback.org/why-hollaback/
  15. ^ a b 10 Hours of Walking in NYC as a Woman
  16. ^ "The story behind that '10 hours of walking in NYC' viral street harassment video", Washington Post, October 29, 2014
  17. ^ Catcall video reaction: Is 'hello' in the street sexual harassment?, Christian Science Monitor, October 29, 2014
  18. ^ "The Problem With That Catcalling Video", Slate, October 29, 2014
  19. ^ Rob Bliss, Director of Hollaback's Viral Street Harassment Video, Responds to allegations of racism, Bustle.com, October 29, 2014
  20. ^
  21. ^ Director of catcalling video responds to race debate, CNN, October 31, 2014
  22. ^ Statement about recent street harassment PSA, ihollaback.org, October 29, 2014
  23. ^ "When Street Harassment Continues Online". New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Right-Wing Media Defend Street Harassment With Their Own Catcalls". 

External links[edit]