Zierotin

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Coat of Arms of the Zierotin family
Coat of Arms of counts of Zierotin

The House of Žerotín or House of Zierotin was a Czech noble family in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and one of the oldest and illustrious noble families originating from Bohemia and Moravia. The family was first mentioned around the year 1200 as Bludovici (Blud of Bludov), later renamed Žerotínové and achieved the rank of Imperial Counts in the Holy Roman Empire.

According to romantic legend, the Zierotins were the offspring of prince Oleg of Drelinia, brother of Vladimir I of Kiev, and thereupon the family uses in its coat of arms a royal crown (or more properly the crown of Grand Prince) and princely mantling. The heraldic device is a blason of coat of arms is gules a lion sable crowned or on three mountains argent, in crest is on royal crown lion sable rampart crowned or.

Members of the family were judges, governors, patrons of arts, and politicians. The most famous is Karel Older of Zierotin (1564–1636), head of the Moravian nobility during the Thirty Years' War friend of Henry IV of France and brother-in-law of Albrecht of Wallenstein. Other interesting members were Johan Karl von Zierotin (1719–1776) directeur des spectacles of Frederick II of Prussia and friend of Johann Sebastian Bach, Karel Emanuel of Zierotin (1850–1934), peer of the Austrian Empire and governor of Moravia (1900–1906), and Ladislav Velen of Zierotin (1579–1638), head of the uprising against the Habsburgs.

Male line of this family died out in 1985. Its estates, manor Bludov, were after fall of the Communist rule (1989) returned to their female descendants, the family Mornstein-Zierotin.[1][2][3][4]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • History of Bludov (in Czech)
  • Family coat of arms
  • Vincenc Brandl, Spisy Karla st. ze Žerotína, 3 vols, Brno 1870-1972. On line text
  • Chlumecky, Peter Ritter von: Carl von Zierotin und seine Zeit: 1564-1615. Brünn 1862.
  • KALISTA, Zdeněk. Čechové, kteří tvořili dějiny světa. Praha : Garamond, 2009. 198 s. ISBN 978-80-7407-055-6.
  • KNOZ, Tomáš. Državy Karla staršího ze Žerotína po Bílé hoře. Osoby, příběhy, struktury. Brno : Matice moravská ; Masarykova univerzita, 2001. 474 s. ISBN 80-86488-03-9.
  • KNOZ, Tomáš. in Osobnosti moravských dějin (1) s.203-218. Brno : Matice moravská, 2006. 516 s. ISBN 80-86488-38-1.
  • KNOZ, Tomáš. Karel starší ze Žerotína. Don Quijote v labyrintu světa. Praha : Vyšehrad, 2008. 365 p. ISBN 978-80-7021-956-0.
  • ODLOŽILÍK, Otakar. Karel starší ze Žerotína. 1564-1636. Praha : Melantrich, 1936. 197 p.
  • HRUBÝ, František. Ladislav Velen ze Žerotína. Praha : [s.n.], 1930.
  • Documentary about the House