Bahutu Manifesto

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The Bahutu Manifesto (French: Manifeste des Bahutu, full title Note sur l'aspect social du problème racial indigène au Rwanda or "Note on the social aspect of the indigenous racial problem in Rwanda") was a political manifesto produced by nine Rwandan ethnic Hutu intellectuals on 24 March 1957. The document was around 10 pages, addressed to the vice-governor general of Rwanda, and denouncing the "exploitation" of the Hutus by the ethnic Tutsi.

This document called for a double liberation of the Hutu people, first from the race of white colonials, and second from the race of Hamitic oppressors, the Tutsi. The document in many ways established the future tone of the Hutu nationalist movement by identifying the "indigenous racial problem" of Rwanda as the social, political, and economic "monopoly which is held by one race, the Tutsi."[1]


  1. ^ Mamdani, Mahmood. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda, Princeton University Press, 2001, pp. 43-44.


  • Samuel Totten, Paul Robert Bartrop et Steven L. Jacobs, "Bahutu Manifesto", in Dictionary of Genocide: A-L, ABC-CLIO, 2008, pp. 33-34. 9780313346422

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