A manuscript from the Hval Manuscript, from medieval Bosnia.
|Location||Kingdom of Bosnia|
|Purpose||Bosnian Church codex|
It was written in 1404 by Hval Krstyanin in Bosnian Cyrillic (bosančica) in ikavian accent with a Glagolitic introduction and is decorated with miniatures and other artistic elements. The codex contains parts of the Bible, hymns and short theological texts. The tradition of the Croatian Cyrillic goes back to the 10/11th century and lasted continuously until the 18th century, with sporadic usage even in the 20th century. This codex is a translation from the Glagolitic original. Moreover, Glagolitic letters can be found on two places in the book.
The codex is one of the most famous manuscripts belonging to the Bosnian Church in which there are some iconographic elements which are not in concordance with the supposed theological doctrine of Christians (Annunciation, Crucifixion and Ascension). All the important Bosnian Church books (Nikoljsko evandjelje, Sreckovicevo evandelje, the Manuscript of Hval, the Manuscript of Krstyanin Radosav) are based on Glagolitic Church books.
The Hval Manuscript is kept in the University Library in Bologna, Italy. New analyses of style and painting techniques show that they were inscribed by at least two miniaturists. One painter was painting on the blue background, and the other was painting on the gold background in which the miniatures are situated in a rich architectonic frame. These miniatures belong to medieval Bosnia, but according to their iconographic and artistic values, to the Gothic art probably from the Dalmatian painters in the 15th century.