Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov
Postcard issued for the 130th anniversary of Shatrov's birth
Илья (Илий) Алексеевич Шатров
|Born||April 1, 1879 (or 1885)|
Zemlyansk, Russian Empire
|Died||Tambov, Soviet Union|
May 2, 1952
|Service/||Russian Imperial Army|
|Unit||Mokshansky Regimental Orchestra (214th Reserve Mokshan Infantry Regiment)|
|Awards|| Order of Saint Stanislaus (3rd class with swords)|
Order of St. George
Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov (April 1, 1879 (or 1885) - May 2, 1952) was a Russian military musician, conductor and composer, known for composing the waltz On the Hills of Manchuria in 1906, recounting his experiences at the Battle of Mukden during the Russo-Japanese War, which he dedicated to one of his comrades fallen at the battle.
Shatrov was born in Zemlyansk, Semilukskiy, Voronezh Oblast, Russia on 1 April 1879 to Aleksej Mihajlovich Shatrov, a retired non-commissioned officer of the Lithuanian Life Guards Infantry Regiment of the Russian Imperial Guard.
In 1905, Shutrov became the bandmaster of the Mokshansky Regimental Orchestra and served in the Russo-Japanese war. In February 1905, the 214th Reserve Mokshan Infantry Regiment took part in the Battle of Mukden and Liaoyang . In one of the battles the regiment was surrounded by the Japanese and was constantly attacked by the enemy. At a critical moment, when the ammunition was already over, the regiment commander Colonel Pavel Pobyvanets gave the order: "The banner and the orchestra will go ahead!" Kapellmeister Shatrov led the orchestra to the parapet of the trenches, gave the order to play a battle march and led the orchestra ahead of the regiment's banner. Encouraged soldiers rushed into the bayonet attack. During the battle, the regiment, with the music of the orchestra, continuously attacked the Japanese and, in the end, broke through the encirclement. In the course of the battle the regiment commander perished, of the 4000 members of the regiment there were 700 people, only 7 musicians left the orchestra alive. For this feat, all the musicians of the orchestra were awarded with crosses of St. George, Shatrov - an officer order of Saint Stanislav 3rd class with swords (the second such awarding of the conductors), and the orchestra was awarded silver pipes.
He died in Tambov on 2 May 1952. He was buried at Vozdvizhensky Cemetery.
- van der Oye, David Schimmelpenninck (January 2008). "Rewriting the Russo-Japanese War: A Centenary Retrospective". The Russian Review. 67 (1): 78–87. doi:10.2307/20620672. JSTOR 20620672.
- "Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov". Geni.com. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- Usova Lyudmila; Petrova Elena (17 February 2016). "Знамя и оркестр, вперед! (Banner and orchestra, forward!)" (Documentary) (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- Isayenko, Anatoly (6 February 2006). "Знамя и оркестр – вперед! (Banner and orchestra - forward!)". Nezavisimaya Gazeta (in Russian). Moscow. Retrieved 20 November 2017.