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John Bennett Black (1883–1964) was a Scottish historian whose primary topic of study was of Elizabethan England. He was Professor of History at the University of Aberdeen where a prize is awarded each year in his name. He wrote The Reign of Elizabeth the second volume of the Oxford History of England series to appear (although it was Volume 8 in the 15-volume series). His 1926 work The Art of History, though now superseded, was the first important scholarly consideration of Enlightenment historiography of the twentieth century.