J W Miller & Sons

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J W Miller & Sons Ltd
Private
Industry Boat building
Fate Closed
Founded incorporated 1929
Headquarters St Monans, Fife, Scotland

J W Miller & Sons Ltd was a boatbuilder in St Monans, Fife, Scotland for over 200 years. They produced a variety of fishing boats, yachts and motor launches. The firm built 110 Fifie yachts and was known worldwide for the quality and craftsmanship of their vessels. The yard is now closed.

History[edit]

The firm of James N. Miller & Sons was established in 1747, by John Miller, wheelwright and joiner of Over Kellie.[1] Up to 1888, the firm built fishing boats for St Monans, Pittenweem and Anstruther. As well as being boat builders, the firm were the local joiners and undertakers, making the coffins themselves.

James Thomson Niven Miller opened a second yard in Anstruther, where he was able to build larger Fifie fishing boats, and steam trawlers and drifters, fitted with compound steam engines. He diversified into building cargo boats, launches, fishery inspection vessels and yachts. Later, he was a pioneer for the marine internal combustion engine, installing a diesel two-stroke engine in a 62 ft Fifie fishing boat. In 1908 he fitted a four-cylinder Kelvin paraffin engine in a 40 ft yacht and became an agent for Kelvin engines, an agency which lasted for the lifetime of the business.[2]

Miller's played their part in the two world wars, building motor launches for the Royal Navy for use in the Near East during World War I. Between the wars, while still producing fishing boats, yacht building came into its own. From 1920 to 1939, 66 yachts were built, many to Miller's own design. Others were designed by naval architects including G L Watson and W G McBryde. A total of 59 vessels, motor torpedo boats and motor launches were built during and immediately after World War II. Post-war, a number of new fishing fleets and several large luxury yachts were built.[2] In 1957, James's grandson, Jimmy, designed the Fifie yachts, on fishing boat lines. The first, a 31 footer Royle Fifer, was taken to the 1958 Boat Show at Olympia and was sold on preview day. Up to 1969, 110 Fifer yachts were built, the largest being 45 feet, with several making Round the World trips.

Miller's remained a family business, passing through several generations. The firm was known worldwide for the quality and craftsmanship of their vessels. In 1934, brothers Tom and Willie took over the business. Their father, James, continued to run the ship chandlers - grocery store until his death in 1944. Willie designed and patented a motor driven capstan that was named 'Fifer'.[2] It was assembled in an enlarged engineer's shop, previously used to build smaller boats. Tom's son, Jimmy, served time in the boatyard, studied naval architecture, and designed many of the fishing boats built. Willie's son, Jim, like his father before him, went to Bergius in Glasgow to serve time as an engineer. However, he made his name as the Scottish and classical singer, Niven Miller and did not pursue a career in the boatyard. After Tom's death, Jimmy took his father's place in the business, with his youngest sister, Jessie working in the office. The business continued to flourish.

With the introduction of steam and motor power, fishing gear became more complex. An advertising pamphlet from 1967 has a list of the gear that Miller's made, including net winches, trawl winches and rope coilers.[3] Willie retired to New Zealand, leaving Jimmy and Jessie to carry on, but with no sons, it was the end of the Miller line. In 1972, Jimmy constructed a steel-hulled fishing boat for George Moodie of Port Seton. James McBurney of McTay Marine built the hull and Millers fitted the engine and steering gear and completed fitting out at St Monans. This was followed by the Ocean Herald for John McBain of Pittenweem, Ocean Triumph a 76 footer, for Ian Murray of Anstruther and another 76 footer for Robert Clark of North Berwick.[2]

In 1976, the company was taken over by McTay Marine, a member of the Mowlem group. Jimmy and Jessie continued to manage it for a while, but after Jimmy retired, things began to change. McTay switched to the construction of steel-hulled fishing boats. The yard has closed and lies derelict, more than 200 years of family history had come to an end.[2]

Boats built[edit]

The first yacht was steam driven with a clipper bow and an overhanging stern.

Yard No Name Type Launch Notes
Boy Andrew Fishing vessel 1958 [4]
1041 Kebister 1990 For Lerwick Port Authority[4]
1045 MV Loch Buie Loch class ferry 1992 For Caledonian MacBrayne
1046 MV Loch Tarbert Loch class ferry 1992 For Caledonian MacBrayne
Bruce's motor Fifie 1926 For Bruce family of Arbroath
Halcyone Sailing yacht 1934 Still sailing in Antwerp/Belgium
"Tresca" Sailing yacht 1937 wood made. . Still sailing 2014
Shianne yacht 1938 ex-Bethamar. Still sailing on the Thames
Bluebird motor yacht 1932 For Sir Malcolm Campbell; now Chico
Crystal W 1956
Lassiette Yacht 1947 Robert Clark design - plans held at National Maritime Museum - Keel Laid 1939 - Presently undergoing restoration on the Medway
Johan Fishing vessel 1949
Largo Law Pilot vessel 1924
Memphis Ketch 1928 For A E Holder of Totnes
MV Guide Passenger/survey vessel 1954 [5]
Nostaw 1957
Seacraig Pilot vessel 1952
Shon Mora 1956
Fortune II Fishing vessel 1958
Sunbeam 1959
Wild Venture Motor sailor 1964 For E E Marsh of Marsh & Baxter
Ëlsandra 33' Miller Fifer Ketch 1960 For Lt. Col C.P. Rigby, T.D., J.P of Whitby; now Thistle, ex Tafna
Source: National Historic Register,[6] Lloyd's Register of Yachts (1973)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "St Monans". John Cunningham. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Miller Family - St Monans". John Cunningham. March 1998. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Jas. N Miller & Sons, Fifer Fishing Gear, Scran, retrieved 18 July 2010 
  4. ^ a b "James N. Miller & Sons". Ships Photos. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "Vessels". Roving Eye Enterprises. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "James N. Miller & Son Ltd". National Historic Register. Retrieved 18 July 2010.