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Even though he learned in a school of thought which considered mental illness mainly as an individual and biological problem, he later regarded it basically as a social one. He took the view that the mental conflicts of the neurotic are in large part induced by the sick society in which he or she lives. Thus, he felt that the efficiency of industry cannot be weighed solely in terms of the amount goods it produces or its financialprofits, but also considering at what cost of humanhealth and happiness the goods were produced. He expressed this view in his work The Social Psychology of Industry (1954).