Joh. Enschedé

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Royal Joh. Enschedé
Dutch: Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé
Private company
Industry Printing
Founded Haarlem, 1703
Founder Izaak Enschedé
Headquarters Haarlem, Netherlands
Number of locations
Haarlem, Amsterdam and Brussels
Area served
European Community
Key people
Arie Piet, Chief Executive Officer
Products Security documents, banknotes, stamps
Services Design, print
Revenue €60 million
Number of employees
450
Website www.joh-enschede.nl

Royal Joh. Enschedé (Dutch: Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé) is a printer of security documents, stamps and banknotes based in Haarlem, Netherlands. Joh. Enschedé specialises in print, media and security. The company hosts the Museum Enschedé and has branches in Amsterdam, Brussels and Haarlem.

History[edit]

The company was founded in 1703, when Izaak Enschedé registered with the Printers Guild in Haarlem.[1]

Joh. Enschedé has long been associated with the printing of banknotes; the company printed the "Robin" (Dutch Roodborstje), the very first Dutch banknote, in 1814.[2] Since then, Joh. Enschedé has printed the banknotes of the State of the Netherlands. In 1866, after the death of Johannes Enschedé III, Joh. Enschedé sold the family's book collection and began printing stamps.[1]

Typefounding[edit]

Enschedé began manufacturing type in 1743 after purchasing the foundry of Hendrik Wetstein, and the foundry soon became the most important part of Enschedé’s business.[1] The famous punch-cutter Joan Michael Fleischman was employed there in the eighteenth century. Its type business flourished throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and in the twentieth century the foundry achieved widespread international acclaim through the design and production of types of Jan van Krimpen. During the foundry type era, Enschedé types were distributed in the United States by Continental Type Founders Association.

Foundry typefaces[edit]

These foundry types were produced by Enschedér:[3]

Enschedé produced many other typefaces with matrices from other typefoundries for handsetting:

Many Monotype faces were cast on Monotype machines and delivered to the customers.

Besides all this Enschedé offered in the 1968 character proof:

  • Monotype faces in small corpses:
  • Baskerville
  • Baskerville bold
  • Bembo
  • Bembo Bold
  • Century Schoolbook
  • Century Schoolbook bold
  • Garamond
  • Garamond italic
  • Garamond bold
  • Gill Sans
  • Gill Sans halfbold
  • Times New Roman
  • Times New Roman bold
  • Monophoto
  • Baskerville
  • Baskerville bold
  • Bembo
  • Bembo Bold
  • Century Schoolbook
  • Century Schoolbook bold
  • Garamond
  • Garamond italic
  • Garamond bold
  • Gill Sans
  • Gill Sans halfbold
  • Times New Roman
  • Times New Roman bold
  • Linotype
  • Baskerville, 11D, 10D, 9D, 8D
  • Spartan (typeface), 14D, 12D, 10D, 9pt, 8D, 6D
  • Times New Roman, 11D, 10D, 9D, 7D, 5,5D
  • Times New Roman Bold, 11D, 10D, 9D, 8D, 7D, 6D
  • Intertype faces.
  • Folio Grotesk 230, 12D, 10D, 9D, 8D, 6D
  • Folio Grotesk half bold 228, 12D, 10D, 9D, 8D, 6D

Anniversaries[edit]

Title page of Enschedé gedenkschrift 1743-1893.

In 1893 for their 150th anniversary, a memorial book was commissioned called Enschedé gedenkschrift 1743-1893. The book was such a success that ten years later they decided to open a museum with artefacts from their archives, and in 1904 Museum Enschedé was founded in the old type foundry.

In 1978, to celebrate their 275th anniversary, Enschedé commissioned Bram de Does, one of Holland’s leading typographers, to design a digital typeface specifically for phototypesetting. The result was Trinité, a face which clearly shows its provenance and which continues the tradition of type design established at Enschedé so many years before.

During the celebrations for the company's 300th anniversary of Joh. Enschedé in 2003, the company received the designation "Royal" from Queen Beatrix.[1]

Services[edit]

Today Joh. Enschedé specialises in security document design and printing (banknotes, postage stamps, parking permits, etc.), commercial print (annual reports, catalogues) and online document publication.[4]

The company is a certified Euro banknotes printer, and produces euro notes for five EU countries.[1]

Joh. Enschedé prints stamps for more than sixty countries.

Controversies[edit]

In 2016 reports emerged of the theft of 'a significant sum' of 50 euro notes at Joh. Enschedé during the course of two years. According to Dutch police, the theft was committed by several employees of the company.[5]

References[edit]

  • Enschedé, Letterproef vsn de drukkerij, Haarlem/Holland, 1968
  • Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983. ISBN 0-7137-1347-X.
  • Friedl, Ott, and Stein, Typography: an Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Throughout History. Black Dog & Levinthal Publishers: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023-7.
  1. ^ a b c d e "Jaarboek voor Nederlandse boekgeschiedenis. Jaargang 11". Uitgeverij Vantilt, Nijmegen and Nederlandse Boekhistorische Vereniging, Leiden. 2004. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  2. ^ "Stempel in de Stad – 310 jaar Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé" (Imprint in the City – 310 years Royal Joh. Enschedé) in Haarlem, from May 4 until September 28, 2013
  3. ^ Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983, ISBN 0-7137-1347-X, p. 2408-249
  4. ^ "61st lustrum shortly noted (sic)". Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  5. ^ "Enorme diefstal cashgeld uit gelddrukkerij in Haarlem". RTL Nieuws. 2016-02-10. 

External links[edit]