|Born||3 November 1635|
|Died||26 December 1703(aged 68)|
- Not to be confused with Johannes Sturm (1507-1589), German-French educator
Johann Christoph Sturm (3 November 1635 – 26 December 1703) was a German philosopher.
Sturm is the author of Physica Electiva (1697), a book that criticized Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and prompted him to publish a rebuke. Sturm's critique was aimed at Leibniz's view that Nature and/or its constituent parts possess some creative force of their own. This criticism was partly theological, in that Sturm claimed Leibniz's view of Nature undermined the sovereignty of the Christian God.
Works by Sturm
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- Collegium experimentale, Nuremberg: Endter, vol. 1 (1676), available here and here; vol. 2 (1685) available here, here, and here.
- Physica electiva sive hypothetica, vol 1, Nuremberg: Endter, 1697, available here and here; vol.2, Altdorf: Kohles, 1698.
- A list of works by Sturm with links to online versions is available at Astronomie in Nürnberg, section "Ausgewählte Werke".
Studies on Sturm
- Ahnert, Thomas (2002), The Culture of Experimentalism in the Holy Roman Empire: Johann Christoph Sturm (1635-1703) and the Collegium Experimentale .
- Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard, "Speculative and Experimental Philosophy in Universities: Eclecticism", Early Modern Experimental Philosophy, 6 December 2010.
- Gottfried Leibniz, Philosophical Papers and Letters, ed. by Leroy Loemker, (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing, 1969) 499-508.
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