Johann Friedrich August Göttling

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Johann Friedrich August Gottling
Born (1753-06-05)5 June 1753
Derenburg, Prussia
Died 1 September 1809(1809-09-01) (aged 56)
Jena, Saxe-Weimar
Nationality German
Fields Chemist
Doctoral advisor Johann Christian Wiegleb
Doctoral students Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner
Description of a portable chest of chemistry, 1791

Johann Friedrich August Göttling (5 June 1753 – 1 September 1809) was a notable German chemist.

Gottling developed and sold chemical assay kits and studied processes for extracting sugar from beets [1] to supplement his meagre university salary. He studied the chemistry of sulphur, arsenic, phosphorus, and mercury.[1] He wrote texts on analytical chemistry and studied oxidation of organic compounds by nitric acid. He was one of the first scientists in Germany to take a stand against the phlogiston hypothesis and be in favor of the new chemistry of Lavoisier.[1]

Biography[edit]

He studied pharmacy at Langensalza under Johann Christian Wiegleb, and from 1775 worked at the Hofapotheke (court pharmacy) in Weimar.[1][2] From 1785, Göttling studied natural sciences at the University of Göttingen. In 1789, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe arranged for him to be an associate professor of chemistry and technology at the University of Jena.[3] For a period of time, Göttling served as Goethe's primary source for chemical knowledge.[4]

He was notably the teacher of Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner.

Selected works[edit]

  • Praktische Vortheile und Verbesserungen verschiedener pharmaceutisch-chemischer Operationen für Apotheker, 1783.
  • Beytrag, zur Berichtigung der anti-phlogistischen Chemie auf Versuche gegründet, 1794.
  • Chemische Bemerkungen über das phosphorsaure Quecksilber und Hrn. Hahnemanns schwarzen Quecksilberkalk, 1795.[5]
  • Handbuch der theoretischen und praktischen Chemie, 1798–1800 (3 volumes).
  • Elementarbuch der chemischen Experimentirkunst, 1808–09 (2 volumes).

He was also an editor of the journal Taschenbuch für Scheidekünstler und Apotheker.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Göttling , Johann Friedrich August @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  2. ^ Chemische Probierkabinette Aus der Einführung zu "Chemische Probierkabinette" von Prof. Dr. Georg Schwedt
  3. ^ Materials and Expertise in Early Modern Europe: Between Market and Laboratory edited by Ursula Klein, E. C. Spary
  4. ^ Goethe Contra Newton: Polemics and the Project for a New Science of Color by Dennis L. Sepper
  5. ^ OCLC WorldCat (publications)
  6. ^ WorldCat Search published works
  • K. Hufbauer, The Formation of the German Chemical Community (1720-1795), University of California Press, 1982, pp. 207–208.
  • Pharmazie, 1962, 17, pp. 624–634.
  • Neue Deutsche Biographie, Duncker & Humblot, 1953-1990, 6, pp. 580–581.
  • Duncker & Humblot (1964), "Gottling, Johann Friedrich August", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 6, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 580–581 
  • Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1962, 2, p. 787.
  • Dictionnaire des Sciences Medicales Biographie Medicale, C. L. F. Panckoucke, 1820-1822, 4, pp. 473–474.