John Edward McCullough
He was born in Coleraine, Ireland. He went to America at the age of sixteen, and made his first appearance on the stage at the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, in 1857. In support of Edwin Forrest and Edwin Booth he played second roles in Shakespearean and other tragedies, and Forrest left him by will all his prompt books. Virginius was his greatest success, although even in this part and as Othello he was coldly received in England (1881). On the night of September 29, 1884, he broke down on stage at McVicker's Theater in Chicago and was unable to recite his lines. The audience, thinking he was drunk, hissed and booed. In fact, McCullough was suffering from the early stages of general paresis. He was later committed to the Bloomingdale Insane Asylum but continued to decline and finally died in an asylum in Philadelphia. His "insane ravings" became popular and were imitated in one of the first audio recordings.
John Wilkes Booth appeared at Ford's Theatre, Washington, on March 18, 1865, in the play The Apostate which was performed as a benefit for John McCullough, less than a month before he assassinated President Abraham Lincoln.
In 1889, after his death, he was memorialized with a statue in Philadelphia - to which Edwin Booth reportedly refused to contribute.
An apocryphal version of his death which arose as theatre lore is reported by the National Theatre in Washington, DC where he appeared a number of times in various roles between 1875 and 1889 [incorrect date—he died in 1885]. According to this version of events, McCullough was murdered backstage by a fellow actor, was buried by members of the acting company in a cellar beneath the stage, and is a resident ghost.
According to an episode of Celebrity Ghost Stories ("D.B. Sweeney, Adrien Zmed, Eddie Money, DJ Nicole Leone"), John Edward McCullough's ghost is responsible for breaking the ankle of Adrian Zmed during a Broadway production of Grease.
- John E. McCullough: North American Theatre Online
- "Edison National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Archived from the original on 2006-07-02. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "John Wilkes Booth: The Money Trail - by James O. Hall with Michael Maione - Lincoln Herald, Volume105, Number 1 (Spring 2003): 7-14". LincolnHerald.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Mar 26, 1886 Issue Mt Echo Newspaper Marion Co AR".
- 'In Memory Of John Mccullough' Pub. by De Vinne, NY 1889. Includes Life of McCullough by William Winter. Subscribers include Mary Anderson, Henry Irving, Joseph Jefferson. Limited to 500 copies. Published to commemorate the McCullough Monument in Philadelphia,1888.
- National Theatre (Ghost Article)
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "McCullough, John Edward". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 209.