John Maitland (British Army officer)
Lieutenant-Colonel John Maitland (1732 – 25 October 1779) was a British Marine and Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1779.
Maitland was the eighth surviving son of Charles Maitland, 6th Earl of Lauderdale and his wife Lady Elizabeth Ogilvy, daughter of James Ogilvy, 4th Earl of Findlater. He was a Captain in the Royal Marines in 1757 and served in the Seven Years' War, losing his right arm in action. When peace came in 1763 he went onto half-pay.
In 1768 Maitland stood for Parliament at Haddington Burghs when there was a double return, but decided not to contest the matter. He was appointed Clerk of the Pipe in Scottish Exchequer in 1769. He returned to the active list in 1770 and became a major in 1775. Meanwhile he was returned at the 1774 general election as Member of Parliament for Haddington Burghs. Little is known of his parliamentary career and from 1777 he was away serving in America.
In May 1778 Maitland was commanding marines against vessels in the Delaware during the American Revolutionary War and became Lieutenant-colonel of the 1st Battalion, 71st Regiment of Foot, Fraser's Highlanders in October 1778. He fought at the Battle of Stono Ferry, where he commanded the British redoubt, and helped lift the Siege of Savannah. He died of malaria on 22 October 1779 shortly after the siege was lifted. He was unmarried.
- "MAITLAND, Hon. John (1732-79)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Scott Martin, Bernard F. Harris Jr ‘’Savannah 1779: The British turn south’’ Bloomsbury Publishing, 24 Aug 2017 page 15
- British Peerage (published 1832), p. 213.
- The Siege of Savannah, ed. Franklin Benjamin Hough, 1866
- Highlanders in America, John Patterson MacLean, 1900. pp. 352–358.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
|Member of Parliament for Haddington Burghs