John Steele (paratrooper)
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|Born||November 29, 1912|
Metropolis, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||May 16, 1969 (aged 56)|
Fayetteville, North Carolina, U.S.
|Service/||United States Army|
|Unit||2nd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Private John Marvin Steele (November 29, 1912 in Metropolis, Illinois – May 16, 1969 in Fayetteville, NC) was the American paratrooper who landed on the pinnacle of the church tower in Sainte-Mère-Église, the first village in Normandy liberated by the United States Army on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
On the night before D-Day (June 5–6, 1944), American soldiers of the 82nd Airborne parachuted into the area west of Sainte-Mère-Église in successive waves. The town had been the target of an aerial attack and a stray incendiary bomb had set fire to a house east of the town square. The church bell was rung to alert the town of the emergency and townspeople turned out in large numbers to form a bucket brigade supervised by members of the German garrison. By 1:00 am, the town square was well lit and filled with German soldiers and villagers when two sticks (planeloads of paratroopers) from the 1st and 2nd battalions were dropped in error directly over the village.
The paratroopers were easy targets, and Steele was one of the few not killed or wounded by enemy fire. His parachute caught in one of the pinnacles of the church tower, leaving him hanging on the side of the church. The wounded paratrooper hung there limply for two hours, pretending to be dead, before the Germans took him prisoner. He escaped four days later from the Germans and rejoined his division when US troops of the 3rd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment attacked the village, capturing thirty Germans and killing another eleven. He was awarded the Bronze Star for valor and the Purple Heart for being wounded in combat.
Though injured, Steele survived his ordeal. He continued to visit the town throughout his life and was an honorary citizen of Ste. Mère Église. The tavern, Auberge John Steele, stands adjacent to the square and maintains his memory through photos, letters and articles hung on its walls.
Steele died of throat cancer on May 16, 1969, in Fayetteville, NC.
Today, these events are commemorated by the Airborne Forces Museum in Place du 6 Juin in the centre of Ste-Mère-Église and in the village church where a parachute with an effigy of Private Steele in his Airborne uniform hangs from the steeple. Bullet holes are still visible in the church's stone walls. Inside, there are stained glass windows, with one depicting the Virgin Mary with paratroopers falling in the foreground.
In popular culture
- Obituary, NY Times, May 17, 1969 John M. Steele, Ex-Paratrooper Who Landed on Steeple D-Day (subscription required)
- Dedication to John M. Steele on 505th Regimental Combat Team website
- SSGT John Marvin Steele at Find a Grave
- Normandy American Heroes, The Story of John Steele, the Sainte-Mère-Eglise Paratrooper