John William "Uncle Jack" Dey
|John William Dey|
November 11, 1912|
|Died||October 10, 1978
John William "Uncle Jack" Dey (November 11, 1912 – October 10, 1978) was an American self-taught artist who lived and worked primarily in Virginia. Before he began painting, he worked as a trapper, fisherman, lumberjack, barber, and police officer. Dey was a favorite among the neighborhood children, whose toys and bicycles he fixed, and they affectionately nicknamed him "Uncle Jack".
John William Dey was born in southern Virginia. His parents separated when he was 11 years old, and he took on a series of odd jobs to help his family. He dropped out high school and later moved to Maine with a friend where he worked as a trapper and lumberjack. After his stay in Maine, Dey worked his way back south and settled in Richmond, Virginia, where he studied to be a barber. There, he met Margaret Pearl Cleveland, whom he later married. Dey became a police officer for the City of Richmond around 1942 and retired in 1955. Dey died of cardiopulmonary arrest in 1978.
Despite having no formal artistic training, Dey began painting in 1955 after his retirement from the police force. He preferred to use model airplane paint and painted on wood, plywood, and corrugated cardboard, which he sometimes covered with an old t-shirt. Dey purchased frames from yard sales and second-hand shops and then created paintings according to each frame's size. His subjects include country landscapes, Biblical stories, and imagined, exotic scenes, some inspired by his own memories. Each painting had a story, and Dey attached letters to the back of some of his paintings, explaining what the story was. Dey's doctor and friends were some of his earliest supporters and he gave away 300–400 of his paintings before he was recognized as an artist. It is estimated that he created around 650 paintings.
In 1973, the American Folk Art Company in Richmond, Virginia, held Dey's first public paintings exhibition and more widespread recognition came in the next year when folk art collector Herbert Waide Hemphill Jr., included an image of Adam and Even Leave Eden in his book, "Twentieth-Century American Folk Art and Artist.
- McGreevey, Linda F. (2013). "Dey, John William (Uncle Jack)". New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 23: Folk Art.
- Chuck and Jan Rosenak research material, circa 1987-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
- "John William "Uncle Jack" Dey". Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- Gregson, Chris (1986). "Life and Legend: Folk Paintings of 'Uncle Jack' Dey.". Exhibition at the Meadow Farm Museum/Crump Park, Richmond, VA.
- "John William "Uncle Jack" Dey". Luce Foundation Center for American Art. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "John William Dey". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 11 February 2014.