|Born||11 October 1799|
|Died||5 January 1872(aged 72)|
|Resting place||Key Hill Cemetery|
|Known for||Pen maker|
Joseph Gillott (11 October 1799 – 5 January 1872) was an English pen-manufacturer and patron of the arts based in Birmingham.
After a brief period of schooling, Gillott began working in the cutlery trade in his home town of Sheffield. In 1821 he moved to Birmingham, where he found employment in the steel toy trade, the technical name for the manufacture of steel buckles, chains and light ornamental steel-work generally.
About 1830 he turned his attention to the manufacture of steel pens by machinery. His company rapidly became successful and Gillott was soon a very wealthy man. It was rumoured locally that he buried some of his money in his cellar so that it did not become known that he had acquired so much. He certainly spread his cash across a number of bank accounts in Birmingham. In 1840 he opened his Victoria Works; the business employed mainly girls. Gillott also invested in the new railway companies and especially in property and land – not only in Birmingham, where he bought a large estate in Edgbaston, but also in London and Wales. The family home for many years was "The Grove" on Westbourne Road in Edgbaston.
Gillott was an often secretive man, both in business and in art collecting. He socialised with a small group of friends at the Hen and Chickens Hotel and the Theatre Royal (which he part-owned) in New Street, Birmingham.
Gillott was an art collector – at first he exchanged pens for paintings – and one of the first to recognise the merits of J. M. W. Turner. His collection of pictures, sold after his death, realised £170,000.
Death and legacy
Gillott died in Birmingham and was buried in Key Hill Cemetery.
A white marble bust of Gillott stands in the main foyer of Birmingham Council House.
In later years, Gillott's son, Joseph Gillott junior, purchased a considerable estate in the village of Catherine-de-Barnes, Solihull on which he built New Berry Hall, a large gothic mansion with North and South Lodges. He also built the school in the village.
A collection of Gillott's letters are held at the Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham.
- ^ "The Times Newspaper". 11 October 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- ^ Roberts 2016.
- ^ Plot 374–375.E. Manning, E. H. (1924) . Handbook of the Birmingham General Cemetery: together with biographical notes on those interred therein. Birmingham: Hudson & Son. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2018. (1915 edition at Library of Birmingham, Archives and Heritage section, B.Coll 45.5)
- ^ "UoB Calmview5: Search results". calmview.bham.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
- Roberts, Stephen (2016). Joseph Gillott and Four Other Birmingham Manufacturers. Birmingham: Birmingham Biographies. ISBN 9781539483069.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gillott, Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the