X. B. Saintine
|X. B. Saintine|
Saintine, engraving by Bocourt
|Born||Joseph Xavier Boniface|
10 July 1798
|Died||21 January 1864 (aged 65)|
Xavier Boniface Saintine (10 July 1798 – 21 January 1865) was a French dramatist and novelist.
He was born Joseph Xavier Boniface in Paris in 1798. In 1823, he produced a volume of poetry in the manner of the Romanticists, entitled Poèmes, odes, épîtres. In 1836 appeared Picciola, a novel about the Count de Charney, a political prisoner in Piedmont, whose reason was saved by his cultivation of a tiny flower growing between the paving stones of his prison yard. This story is a masterpiece of the sentimental kind, and has been translated into many European languages. The novel earned him renown and came to be regarded as a classic of French literature.
He produced many other novels, none of striking individuality with the exception of Seul (1857), which purported to be the authentic record of Alexander Selkirk on his desert island. Saintine was a prolific dramatist, and collaborated in more than 200 pieces with Eugène Scribe and others, usually under the name of Xavier. He co-wrote the story which was to form the basis for Bellini's opera I puritani. He died in Paris in 1865.
A very prolific author, he wrote more than 200 theatre plays and novels under the pen names Saintine, X.B. Saintine, Joseph Xavier Saintine, Xavier.
- Poëmes, odes, épitres. (1823)
- Jonathan le Visionnaire, contes philosophiques et moraux. (1825)
- Histoire des Guerres d'Italie, Campagne des Alpes. (1826)
- Histoire de la Civilisation antédiluvienne. (1830)
- Le Mutilé.  (1832)
- Une Maîtresse de Louis XIII. in 2 volumes  &  (1834)
- Picciola. (1836)
- Les Soirées de Jonathan, in 2 volumes  &  (1837)
- Antoine, l'ami de Robespierre. (1839)
- Les Récits dans la Tourelle : Un Rossignol pris au Trébuchet, etc. . (1844)
- Les Métamorphoses de la Femme.  (1846)
- Les trois Reines. (1853)
- Seul ! (1857)
- Chrisna.  (1860)
- Trois ans en Judée.  (1860)
- La belle Cordière et ses trois amoureux. (1861)
- Le Chemin des écoliers (1861) including an illustrated edition with 450 vignettes by Gustave Doré, grand in-8, broché. 
- Contes de toutes les couleurs : Léonard le cocher, etc.  (1862)
- La Mythologie du Rhin  ;(1862) including an edition illustrated by Gustave Doré, grand in-8, broché.
- La Mère Gigogne et ses trois filles : La nature et ses trois règnes ; causeries et contes d'un bon papa sur l'histoire naturelle et les objets les plus usuels (1863), grand in-8, illustrated with 171 vignettes by Foulquier and Faguet, broché. 
- La Seconde Vie. (1864)
- Theater plays
- 1834: Le Mari de la favorite, five-act comedy, with Michel Masson, Théâtre de la Porte-Saint-Martin
- 1836: Madame Favart, with Michel Masson, Théâtre du Palais Royal
- 1841: Mademoiselle Sallé with Jean-François Bayard and Dumanoir, Théâtre du Palais Royal
- The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, 11th ed.
- Garnett, Richard, ed. (1899). The International Library of Famous Literature: Selections from the World's Great Writers Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, with Biographical and Explanatory Notes and Critical Essays by Many Eminent Writers, Vol. X. London: The Standard, p. 4732.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Saintine, Joseph Xavier". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Clapin, A. C. (1883). "Preface", Picciola. Oxford University Press. Detailed biography of Saintine in the introduction to his most famous work.