Juquila District

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Juquila District
Oaxaca regions and districts: Costa region in the Southwest
Oaxaca regions and districts: Costa region in the Southwest
Coordinates: 16°14′N 97°18′W / 16.233°N 97.300°W / 16.233; -97.300Coordinates: 16°14′N 97°18′W / 16.233°N 97.300°W / 16.233; -97.300
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca

Juquila District is located in the center of the Costa Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, on the Pacific coast. It has an area of 5,055 km2. As of 2005 it had a total population of 134,365 of whom 33,106 spoke an indigenous language. Economic activities include agriculture and tourism. The Santuario (Sanctuary) de Juquila is a major attraction.[1]


The district lies on the Pacific coast of southwestern Oaxaca, with generally hilly land rising to the southern edge of the Sierra Madre del Sur. The coastal climate is hot and humid, while inland the climate is warm and humid. The western part of the district includes the Lagunas de Chacahua National Park, which includes the lagoons of Chacahua, La Pastoria, Las Salinas.[2]


Virgen de Juquila

The most important economic activity is agriculture, including cultivation of maize, beans and vegetables for personal consumption. The people practice animal husbandry on a small scale, and some also hunt and fish. Coffee is grown inland, and various types of fruit near the coast. Tourism is important in the coastal region, particularly in Puerto Escondido.[3]

The town of Santa Catarina Juquila is known for the Santuario (Sanctuary) de Juquila, which houses a 30 cm statue of the Virgin Mary, which has been venerated since the 16th century. In 1633, it survived, completely intact, a fire that destroyed the village in which it was originally located. At the beginning of the 18th century, it was moved to its current location where the sanctuary was built for it. Thousands visit this Virgin from across the state of Oaxaca, other parts of Mexico and abroad.[2]

Women at a meeting in San Miguel Panixtlahuaca

Indigenous people[edit]

The district roughly coincides with the area occupied by the Chatino people before the Spanish arrived, a group with close cultural and linguistic ties with the Zapotec people. The Chatino language is still widely spoken in inland communities such as San Miguel Panixtlahuaca, Santa María Temaxcaltepec and Santiago Yaitepec.[4] The ruins of the capital of the Chatino state are preserved near Santos Reyes Nopala, and include large stone buildings, ball courts and pyramids.[5]

The area in the west of Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo was occupied by a small Mixtec kingdom established in 357 AD.[6]


The district includes the following municipalities:[1]

Municipalities of Juquila district
Municipality Area (km2) Total
San Gabriel Mixtepec 1,302 3,930 87
San Juan Lachao 190 3,936 1,825
San Juan Quiahije 92 4,154 3,517
San Miguel Panixtlahuaca 264 5,724 4,903
San Pedro Juchatengo 108 1,618 8
San Pedro Mixtepec, Juquila 332 33,682 919
Santa Catarina Juquila 811 14,380 4,168
Santa María Temaxcaltepec 87 2,628 2,081
Santiago Yaitepec 54 3,665 3,137
Santos Reyes Nopala 196 14,504 7,475
Tataltepec de Valdés 370 5,377 2,842
Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo 1,249 40,767 2,144



  1. ^ a b "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Estado de Oaxaca". Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "Laguna de Chacahua". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca. 137: 68.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "MexDesOax" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  3. ^ Bruce Whipperman (2008). Moon Oaxaca. Avalon Travel. p. 197ff. ISBN 1-59880-088-4. 
  4. ^ "Chatino of Oaxaca". Mexican Textiles. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  5. ^ "Santos Reyes Nopala". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  6. ^ "Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved June 12, 2009.