Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from KHMDS)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
Stereo, skeletal formula of potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide dimer
Ball and stick model of potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide dimer
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Potassium 1,1,1-trimethyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)silanaminide
Other names
Potassium hexamethyldisilazide[citation needed]
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Abbreviations KHMDS
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.115.605
UN number 3263
Properties
KSi
2
C
6
NH
18
Molar mass 199.4831 g mol−1
Appearance White, opaque crystals
Reacts
Hazards
GHS pictograms The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H314[1]
P280, P305+351+338, P310[1]
Related compounds
Other cations
Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

Sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (commonly abbreviated as KHMDS, Potassium(K) HexaMethylDiSilazide) is the chemical compound with the formula ((CH3)3Si)2NK. It is a strong, non-nucleophilic base with an approximate pKa of 26 (compare to lithium diisopropylamide, at 36).[citation needed]

Structure[edit]

In the solid state, the unsolvated compound is dimeric, with two potassium and two nitrogen atoms forming a square. This compound is soluble in hydrocarbon solvents and conducts electricity poorly in solution and in the melt. This is attributed to very strong ion pairing.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, Sigma-Aldrich
  2. ^ Tesh, Kris F.; Hanusa, Timothy P.; Huffman, John C. (1990). "Ion pairing in [bis(trimethylsilyl)amido]potassium: The x-ray crystal structure of unsolvated [KN(SiMe3)2]2". Inorg. Chem. 29 (8): 1584–1586. doi:10.1021/ic00333a029.