Kalonymus ben Meshullam
He was head of the Jewish community of Mainz at the time of the German Crusade, 1096. He is said to have sent a messenger to King Henry IV in Italy, in consequence of which the king promulgated an order throughout his realm to the effect that the Jews were not to be molested. On May 27, 1096, however, he, together with fifty-three others, who had taken refuge in the palace of Bishop Adalbert of Worms from the Crusaders, committed mass suicide rather than fall into the hands of the enemy during the Worms massacre.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Kalonymus ben Meshullam". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
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