U.S. Route 66 in Kansas

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U.S. Route 66 marker

U.S. Route 66
Will Rogers Highway
Route information
Maintained by KDOT
Length 11.274 mi[1] (18.144 km)
Existed November 11, 1926 (1926-11-11) – June 26, 1985 (1985-06-26)[2]
Major junctions
West end US-66 to Miami, Oklahoma
 
East end US 66 to Joplin, Missouri
Highway system
  • Kansas State Highway System
K-65 K-66

U.S. Route 66 (US 66, Route 66), the historic east–west US highway between Chicago, Illinois and Santa Monica, California, passed through one brief segment in the southeastern corner of Kansas. It entered the state south of Baxter Springs and continued north until it crossed the Brush Creek, from where it turned east and left the state in Galena. After the decertification of the highway in 1985, this road segment was numbered as US-69 (alternate) from Quapaw, Oklahoma north to Riverton, Kansas and as K-66 (Kansas highway) from Riverton east to Route 66 in Missouri.[3]

History[edit]

Eisler Brothers store in Riverton

The eleven miles (18 km) of US-66 in Kansas retains much of the character of the Mother Road. It passes through Baxter Springs, Riverton and Galena in Cherokee County.

In 1929 the US-66 in Kansas was paved, Kansas being the first state to do that.[3]

In Galena, US-66 originally turned north on Main Street, then east on Front Street before leaving the state as Route 66 to Central City, Missouri. This portion was changed in 1979 to remain on 7th Avenue, seven blocks south of the original routing, eastward to the Missouri state line.

When US-66 was bypassed by Interstate 44 (I-44) in 1961, the new Interstate highway crossed directly from Oklahoma to Missouri, bypassing Kansas entirely.[4] US-69 Alternate was formed in 1985 when US-66 was decommissioned; the remainder of US-66 in Kansas became K-66. The final (1985) alignment of US-66 therefore perfectly matches present US-69 Alternate and K-66.[5]

Route description[edit]

Coming from the west, US 66 entered Kansas from Oklahoma, concurrent with US-69 Alternate, also called Military Avenue.[6] From the state line, the highway ran north through Baxter Springs. At the intersection of US-66 with West 30th Street, the highway originally traveled east onto West 30th Street and then north onto Roberts Road to get back to Military Avenue. In 1933 this changed and US-66 ran over the curve on the inside of the intersection of West 30th Street with Roberts Road. In the 1960s this changed again and the road would simply continue on Military Avenue.

In the northern part of Baxter Springs, US-66 originally turned West at the intersection of Military Avenue with 3rd Street. It followed this road as it curved to the north and became Willow Avenue, and later changed name again to 50th Street. Continuing north the route crossed over Brush Creek, just right from the Marsh arch Rainbow Bridge, which was originally used to cross it. The route continued northeast and as it became Beasley Road it turned east to get back to US-69 Alternate, also known as US-400 here, at the intersection with K-66. In the 1960s, the route changed and ran straight from Baxter Spring over US-69 Alternate to this intersection. Both alignments continued east onto K-66 passing through Riverton and crossing over the Spring River to get to Galena near the state line with Missouri.

US-66 enters Galena in the east over K-66. The first alignment, which was used from the commissioning in 1926 until the 1940s, followed Main Street to the north at the intersection of K-66 with Main Street, known as K-26 to the south. It would then turn east onto Front Street, crossing a viaduct over railroad tracks and entering Missouri shortly after. This alignment changed in the 1940s, as US-66 ran straight across Main Street and continue east on K-66 and enter Missouri a little bit more to the south.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Cherokee County.

Location mi km Destinations Notes
Spring Valley Township US-66 west – Miami, Tulsa Oklahoma state line
Baxter Springs US-166 (12th Street) – Chetopa
Riverton K-26 north (Southeast 70th Street) – Pittsburg west end of K-26 overlap
Galena K-26 south (Main Street) east end of K-26 overlap
US 66 east – Joplin, Saint Louis Missouri state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Structures[edit]

Brush Creek rainbow bridge

A restored Kan-O-Tex Service Station on Main Street in Galena was re-opened in 2007 as a roadside diner and souvenir shop called 'Four Women on the Route', and then under newer ownership, was renamed to 'Cars on the Route'. It sits in front of the former location of the Banks Hotel which was demolished in 1950s. Sitting to the north of the station is the historic 'bordello' which currently is an antique store. It was first designated to be a bed and breakfast before becoming an antique shop. Located west across the street from the station is the Smith & Moeller Building (built in 1896) as a lumber and building supply house. In 1932, it became the Front Street Garage selling tires and Phillips 66 gas, later selling White Rose gasoline.

Buildings and structures on the National Register of Historic Places in Kansas include the Baxter Springs Independent Oil and Gas Service Station (now a tourist information site for US-66 in Kansas),[7] the Brush Creek Bridge,[8] and the Williams' Store in Riverton.[9] A 1.2-mile (1.9 km) section of the road between the Missouri state line and Galena is listed on the National Register as the Kansas Route 66 Historic District—East Galena.[10] In addition to the roadway, the district includes seven box culverts, a triple box culvert, and the Galena Viaduct. Although the roadway and all the structures were built during 1922-23, about three years before Route 66 was designated as a federal highway, it was deemed that "as a group these elements, together with their setting, form a cultural landscape that clearly conveys the historic feeling of Route 66."[10]

While buildings and structures on this section of US-66 in its 1950s heyday included five major trucking companies, a series of motels and tourist courts (Sunbeam Tourist Camp, Camp Joy, Baxter Court Cabins, Satterlee’s Tourist Cabins, Capistrano Motel) alongside restaurants, roadhouses, filling stations, souvenir stands and commercial stores, by 2002 almost all of the tourist lodging had been demolished. Only a portion of the former Satterlee's remains; it had been converted to storage space. Food service establishments fared somewhat better by relying on a strong local clientele after I-44 bypassed the state in 1961,[4] but ultimately lead and zinc mine closures in the Tri-State district plus the diversion of US-66 traffic by I-44 led to the closure of many local Cherokee County businesses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kansas Department of Transportation. "2011 Condition Survey Report for Cherokee County, Kansas". Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 26, 1985). "Route Numbering Committee Agenda" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 5 – via Wikimedia Commons. 
  3. ^ a b "Route 66 in Kansas". 
  4. ^ a b Historic Preservation Services (2002). "Historic Resources of Route 66 in Kansas—Cherokee County, Kansas (historic context)". National Park Service. 
  5. ^ "Kansas 66". Kansas Highways. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved May 2, 2008. [self-published source]
  6. ^ "Historic Route 66 - Kansas". Historic66.com. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Baxter Springs Station". National Park Service. Retrieved May 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Brush Creek Bridge". National Park Service. Retrieved May 12, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Route 66: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary". National Park Service. Retrieved May 12, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Rosin, Elizabeth (December 1, 2002). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Kansas Route 66 Historic District—East Galena". National Park Service. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
U.S. Route 66
Previous state:
Oklahoma
Kansas Next state:
Missouri