|Bleijenbeek, the Netherlands|
Bleijenbeek Castle around 1860
|Condition||Ruin, undergoing restoration (as of 2013)|
According to the 19th-century historian A.J. van der Aa, the castle is known for its numerous sieges by the armies of Guelders and Spain. In 1580, the castle was besieged by the forces of Guelders, but it was defended bravely by the lord of the castle, Marten Schenk. When the Duke of Parma sent cavalry, the besieging army had to retreat. In 1589, Schenk changed sides, and the castle was besieged by Marcus van Rije, the stadtholder of Guelders appointed by the Spanish king; this time, the castle was conquered.
The castle has lain in ruins since the bombardment by the British RAF on 21 and 22 February 1945, during Operation Veritable.It was defended by only 15 Fallschirmjäger who held out against three separate assaults until it was bombed with nine 1,000 pound bombs. Their fierce determination to hold out was reflected by a slogan found in the castle's interior when it was taken. It reads "Sieg oder Sibirien" (Victory or Siberia). In 2009, the property was purchased by the Bleijenbeek Foundation, which intends to restore the remaining structure, moat, and surrounding gardens and provide public access after work is complete. Construction began in the summer of 2012.
- ANWB Topografische Atlas Nederland, Topografische Dienst and ANWB, 2005.
- Abraham Jacob van der Aa, "Aardrijkskundig woordenboek der Nederlanden", vol. 2 (B), 1840, p. 471.
- http://www.landgoedbleijenbeek.nl/ www.landgoedbleijenbeek.nl
- "Castle Bleijenbeek". Tracesofwar.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "Stichting Kasteel Bleijenbeek" (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "Eerste stap richting consolidatie gezet" (in Dutch). 23 July 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- Kasteelbleijenbeek.nl (in Dutch) — Website of the Bleijenbeek Foundation, which currently owns and is restoring Bleijenbeek Castle.
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