Kent (1799 ship)

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Combat naval - l'abordage du Kent de Garneray (1836) musée de La Roche-sur-Yon.jpg
Capture of Kent by Confiance. Painting by Ambroise Louis Garneray.
History
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svgEast India Company
Name: Kent
Owner: Henry Bonham (principal managing owner)
Builder: Thomas Pitcher, Northfleet
Launched: 1799
Fate: Captured 1800
Flag of Denmark.svgDenmark
Name: Cronberg
General characteristics [1]
Type: East Indiaman
Tons burthen: 824, or 875 7894[2] (bm)
Length: 145 ft 6 in (44.35 m) (overall); 117 ft 11 in (35.94 m) (keel)
Beam: 36 ft 3 in (11.05 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)
Complement: 100[3]
Armament:
For other ships with the same name, see Kent (East Indiaman).

Kent, launched in 1799, was an East Indiaman of the British East India Company. On her first voyage in 1800 she was on her way to Bengal and Bencoolen when the French privateer Robert Surcouf captured her near the mouth of the Ganges.

Capture[edit]

Kent left Torbay on 3 May 1800. She was under the command of Robert Rivington, who sailed under a letter of marque dated 28 March 1800.[3] At St. Salvador, she took on 300 persons, including troops and passengers, the survivors of the East Indiaman Queen, which had caught fire there and been destroyed, with in excess of 100 fatalities.[5] Queen and Kent had left Torbay on the same day.[6]

On 7 October Kent encountered the French privateer brig Confiance, of 18 guns and 150 men, under the command of Robert Surcouf.[7]

French account

At some point Kent had rescued the crew and passengers of another ship, destroyed by fire, and therefore had an exceptionally large complement.[8] Including passengers, among whom there were some 100 soldiers, she had 437 persons aboard. Surcouf managed to board his larger opponent and seize control of Kent. The British had 14 men killed, including Rivington,[8] and 44 wounded, while the French suffered five men killed and ten wounded.[8]

British account
Account of the capture of Kent in The Gentleman's Magazine, October 1800.

James reports that Kent fought for almost two hours and that Rivington was killed by a shot to the head as the French boarded.[9] He states that Kent's armament consisted of twenty 12-pounders, and six 6-pounders on her castles, and that Confiance' armament consisted of 20-22 long 8-pounder guns. He speculates that if Kent had carried 18 or 24-pounder carronades instead of the long 6-pounders, she might have been able to use grapeshot to deter boarding. He further reports that in addition to her crew of 100 or so, she had some 38 male and three female passengers, including seven or eight passengers that she had picked up at St. Salvador, after a fire there had destroyed the Indiaman Queen on 9 July. Apparently some four or five passengers were among the British dead, and there were also passengers among the wounded.[Note 1] James attributes the crew being overwhelmed by the boarders to a shortage of swords, pikes and pistols.[9]

Another account estimates the number of persons on Kent as under 200, and gives the casualties as 11 killed and 44 wounded on the British side, and 16 wounded (of whom three later died), on the French side.[10] The passengers included General St. John, his wife, three daughters, two other women, and St. John's aide, Captain Pilkington, who had been wounded. Surcouf put them into a passing Arab merchantman and they arrived shortly thereafter in Calcutta.[10]

Aftermath

Surcouf put his first officer, Joachim Drieux, aboard Kent, together with a 60-man prize crew. Surcouf released the passengers on a merchantman that he stopped a few days later.[11] Confiance and Kent arrived at the Rade des Pavillons in Port Louis, Mauritius, in November.[12] The capture of Kent became a sensation, and the British Admiralty promised a reward for the capture of Surcouf.[11]

Kent was sold for 30,900 piastres to a Danish shipping company and renamed Cronberg.[4][13] She left on 21 March, but as she approached Denmark passing vessels informed her that a British fleet had attacked Copenhagen ; she therefore waited some weeks in Fleckeroë before it was safe to proceed to arrived in Kristiansand in June 1801, and at Copenhagen on 16 July.[14]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ He makes no mention of any soldiers,[9] though other evidence suggests more than strongly that they were aboard.[5]
Citations
  1. ^ National Archives[1] - Accessed 6 April 2015.
  2. ^ Hackman (2001), p. 135.
  3. ^ a b Letter of Marque, 1793-1815; p.71.[2]
  4. ^ a b Demerliac, p.326.
  5. ^ a b Naval Chronicle, Vol. 4, pp.344-5.
  6. ^ Hardy & Hardy (1811), p.202.
  7. ^ Levot, p.495.
  8. ^ a b c Hennequin, p.384
  9. ^ a b c James (1837), Vol. 3, p.31.
  10. ^ a b Laughton (1889), pp.438-442.
  11. ^ a b Rouvier, p.527
  12. ^ Cunat, p.398.
  13. ^ Review 1842), pp.178-9.
  14. ^ Cleveland (1843), pp. 135, 143-4.
References