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Keuthonymos (or Ceuthonymus[1]) (Κευθωνυμος) is an ancient Greek spirit in mythology who is the father of Menoites (or Menoetes, Menoetius),[2][3] who guarded the oxen of Hades.[1] Keuthonymos is a mysterious daimon or spirit of the underworld, who lives in the realm of Hades. Keuthonymos is possibly the same as Iapetos, a Titan, and father of a certain Menoitios.[3]


  1. ^ a b Apollodorus (of Athens) (1921). Apollodorus: The library. W. Heinemann.  p. 237
  2. ^ Emily Vermeule (1981). Aspects of death in early Greek art and poetry. University of California Press. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-520-04404-3. 
  3. ^ a b Thomas Keightley (1896). The Mythology of ancient Greece and Italy. George Bell and Sons. p. 322.