King's Parade

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Looking north along King's Parade to the Senate House (left) and Great St Mary's church (right).

King's Parade is an historical street in central Cambridge, England.[1][2][3][4] The street continues north as Trinity Street and then St John's Street, and south as Trumpington Street. It is a major tourist area in Cambridge, commanding a central position in the University of Cambridge area of the city. It is also a place frequented by many cyclists and by students travelling between lectures during term-time.

King's College is located on the west side of the street, hence the name, and dominates the scene with the east end of its large Chapel on view. Also on the street, just to the north, is the University of Cambridge Senate House, mainly used for degree ceremonies.[1] This area is known as Senate House Hill. Opposite the Senate House is Great St Mary's, the historic University Church.

History[edit]

Historical photograph showing shops on the east side of King's Parade.

The White Horse Tavern,[5] on King's Lane to the west of King's Parade,[6] was a 16th-century meeting place for English Protestant reformers to discuss Lutheran ideas, from as early as 1521.[7] When the King's College screen was extended in 1870, the tavern was demolished. There is now a blue plaque in the college's Chetwynd Court to commemorate this.

Bowes & Bowes was a bookseller and publishing company located at 1 Trinity Street (at the south end of the street), a corner position at the junction with King's Parade and St Mary's Street to the east. It has a claim to be the oldest bookshop in the United Kingdom, with books having been sold on the site since 1581.[8] The Bowes & Bowes shop closed in 1986 and subsequently Sherratt & Hughes closed in 1992, since when the site has become the Cambridge University Press bookshop.[8]

When the King's College Gatehouse (porters' lodge) and Screen were built in the 1830s, the previous west side of the street was completely demolished.[3] Opposite King's College is a row of now mainly touristic shops. For example, the Primavera Gallery and gift store is located here. St Mary's Passage and St Edward's Passage lead away from King's Parade to the east.

No.1 King's Parade on the corner or King's Parade and Bene't Street was a milliner & dressmaker by the name of C.H. Lawrence in the early 20th century.[9] In the 1950s and 1960s the building became Millers Wine Parlour. In Ted Hughes: The Life of A Poet by Elaine Feinstein, Syliva Plath is described sitting in Millers Wine parlour in 1956, reading a review article.[10] Since then it has occupied various establishments including the wine bars Gough Bros (1972) and Shades (1972-1992), The English Teddy Bear Company (late 1990s - early 2000s) and a restaurant/bar by the name of No.1 King's Parade (until 2006). Today a restaurant called The Cambridge Chop House is located here.

In the 1970s, Chris Curry rented offices at 6 King's Parade to establish Sinclair Instrument Ltd with Sir Clive Sinclair. In 1977, the company was renamed to Science of Cambridge Ltd. The name Sinclair Research Ltd was adopted in 1981. The company was important in the home computer revolution of the early 1980s in the UK. The building is now occupied by Inner Space Meditation Centre

At the southern end on the corner of Corpus Christi College in Trumpington Street is the Corpus Clock, a new tourist attraction installed in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b King's Parade / Senate House Hill, Cambridge City Council.
  2. ^ King's Parade, Cambridge 2000.
  3. ^ a b King's Parade Archived 14 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine., King's College, Cambridge.
  4. ^ King's Parade, Cambridge Online.
  5. ^ Friaries: Austin friars, Cambridge
  6. ^ Elisabeth Leedham-Green (1996). A Concise History of the University of Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. p. 44. 
  7. ^ J. D. Mackie, The Earlier Tudors, 1485–1558, Oxford University Press, 1991, p. 343.
  8. ^ a b History of the Bookshop[permanent dead link], Cambridge University Press.
  9. ^ "Cambridge, King's Parade 1911 - Francis Frith". www.francisfrith.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21. 
  10. ^ Feinstein, Elaine (2016-08-11). Ted Hughes: The Life of a Poet. Orion. ISBN 9781474605526. 
Panoramic view of King's Parade.

Coordinates: 52°12′17″N 0°07′04″E / 52.2046°N 0.1177°E / 52.2046; 0.1177