Kormuk

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Kormuk
Kormuk is located in Ethiopia
Kormuk
Kormuk
Location within Ethiopia
Coordinates: 10°32′N 34°17′E / 10.533°N 34.283°E / 10.533; 34.283Coordinates: 10°32′N 34°17′E / 10.533°N 34.283°E / 10.533; 34.283
Country Ethiopia
Region Benishangul-Gumuz
Zone Asosa Zone
Elevation 653 m (2,142 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 554
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Kormuk (also known as Kumruk) is a town in western Ethiopia. Located in the Asosa Zone of the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Kormuk has a latitude and longitude of 10°32′N 34°17′E / 10.533°N 34.283°E / 10.533; 34.283 with an elevation of 653 meters above sea level.

In 1962 Kormuk was connected to Asosa by a dry weather road, "rough but passable by trucks" according to the Highway Authority.[1] However, by 1996 travel by this road was "discouraged for safety reasons."[2]

Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency, in 2005 this town has an estimated total population of 554, of whom 297 were males and 257 were females.[3] According to the 1994 national census, its total population was 322, of whom 172 were males and 150 were females. It is the largest settlement in Kormuk woreda.

The Italian colonial battalion garrisoned at Kormuk attacked its twin in Sudan, Kurmuk, 7 July 1940, which was held by Bimbashi Mervyn Bell, with three British auxiliaries and 51 police. Bell eventually withdrew his men in good order, allowing the Italians to capture Kurmuk.[1] Kormuk was taken from the Italians by the British several months later on 14 February 1941.[4] At the end of 1985, the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army SPLA set up bases in the hills inside across Ethiopian border, south of Kormuk.[1] The Ethiopian National Defense Force provided the SPLA with support when they launched a cross-border raid into Sudan in 1997.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 1 May 2008)
  2. ^ "Benishangul-Gumuz, Situation Report, 10/96" Archived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine. (accessed 1 May 2008)
  3. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics Archived 2008-07-31 at the Wayback Machine., Table B.3
  4. ^ Anthony Mockler, Haile Selassie's War (New York: Oliver Branch, 2003), p. 318
  5. ^ David H. Shinn, "Ethiopia: Coping with Islamic Fundamentalism before and after September 11" (last accessed 10 December 2008)