Kumoemon Tochuken (桃中軒 雲右衛門? Tōchūken Kumoemon) (October 25, 1873 – November 7, 1916) was a popular rōkyoku recitalist in Meiji Japan. His immense popularity helped rōkyoku break into the mainstream. At his height, he performed tales of the Forty-seven ronin to sell-out crowds at some of the biggest theatres in Tokyo and Osaka. These performances also roused nationalist sentiment during Russo-Japanese War.
Mikio Naruse made a biopic about him in 1936.
- Hyōdō Hiromi and Henry D. Smith II, “Singing Tales of the Gishi: Naniwabushi and the Forty-seven Rōnin in Late Meiji Japan.” Monumenta Nipponica, 61/4 (Winter 2006), pp. 459-508.
- [第６部・演歌巡礼＜８＞初代桃中軒雲右衛門 受け継がれゆく浪花節] / 九州歌謡地図 / 西日本新聞
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