L'Île des esclaves
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|L'Île des esclaves|
Title page from the first edition of L'Île des esclaves
|Written by||Pierre de Marivaux|
|Date premiered||March 5, 1725|
|Setting||Off the coast of Athens, Greece|
The play is characterized by a mixing of genres: Greek characters, a shipwreck leaning towards tragedy, and social commentary. However, the play is essentially a comedy with its confusion of sentiments, exchange of power between masters and valets, and finally the appearance of Arlequin.
Iphicrate and his slave Arlequin find themselves shipwrecked on Slave Island, a place where masters become slaves and slaves become masters. Trivelin, the governor of the island, makes Arlequin and Iphicrate, as well as Euphrosine and her slave Cléanthis, change roles, clothes, and names.
Both Arlequin and Cléanthis take advantage of the situation to expose the frivolities and fickleness of their masters. However, Arlequin is ultimately touched by the tears of Euphrosine, who is suffering from humiliation at the hands of Cléanthis. Arlequin and Iphicrate make amends and return to their original roles; Euphrosine and Cléanthis do the same. Trivelin reveals that had Arlequin and Cléanthis not pardonned their masters, that they would have been punished.
- Iphicrate, an Athenian general.
- Arlequin, his slave.
- Euphrosine, an Athenian noblewoman.
- Cléanthis, her slave.
- Trivelin, the master of the island.
- Inhabitants of the island
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