Nouvelle Revue Française
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Éditions Gallimard (France)
History and profile
The magazine was founded in 1909 by a group of intellectuals including André Gide, Jacques Copeau, and Jean Schlumberger. In 1911, Gaston Gallimard became editor of the revue, which led to the founding of the publishing house, Éditions Gallimard. During World War I its publication stopped. The magazine was relaunched in 1919.
Established writers such as Paul Bourget and Anatole France contributed to the magazine from its early days. The magazine's influence grew until, during the interwar period, it became the leading literary journal, occupying a unique role in French culture. The first published works by André Malraux and Jean-Paul Sartre were in the pages of the Revue.
During the occupation in the second world war Gide and Général de Gaulle gave explicit blessing to l'Arche, a literary review created by Jean Amrouche and edited by Edmond Charlot. This became effectively the replacement of the NRF in Free France (Algeria was the first part of France to be liberated). L'Arche commenced in 1944 (issues 1-6) and finished in 1947 (issues 23-27). Montreal, Tangiers and Algiers in this period became literary francophone centres replacing Paris. After liberation of the whole of France, NRF was banned for collaborationism, but reopened in 1953 (initially with a "new" title: La Nouvelle Nouvelle Revue Française). The Revue was a monthly for many years, but is currently a quarterly.
- 1908–1914: André Gide
- Interruption due to war
- 1919–1925: Jacques Rivière
- 1925–1940: Jean Paulhan
- 1940–1945: Pierre Drieu La Rochelle
- Banned for collaborationism
- 1946–1968: Jean Paulhan
- 1968–1977: Marcel Arland
- 1977–1987: Georges Lambrichs
- 1987–1996: Jacques Réda
- 1996–1999: Bertrand Visage
- 1999–2010: Michel Braudeau
- 2010-present: Antoine Gallimard
- List of literary magazines
- Mauthner, Martin, Otto Abetz and His Paris Acolytes - French Writers Who Flirted with Fascism, 1930–1945. Sussex Academic Press, 2016, (ISBN 978-1-84519-784-1)
- La Nouvelle Revue française (NRF) Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Peter Brooker; Sascha Bru; Andrew Thacker; Christian Weikop (21 February 2013). The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Europe 1880 - 1940. Oxford University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-19-965958-6.
- JAFFEUX, V. 2016. L'Arche au milleiu de la tempete. Naissance d'une revue algéroise dans la tourmente de la seconde guerre mondiale. In: DUGAS, G. (ed.) Edmond Charlot: passeur de culture: Actes du colloque Montpellier-Pézenas. Centenaire Edmond Charlot 2015. Pézenas: Domens.
Anna-Louise Milne, The Extreme In-Between: Jean Paulhan's Place in the Twentieth Century (Oxford: Legenda, 2006)