Lee Art Theater
The Lee Art Theater was an adult film theater located on 934 W Grace Street, Richmond, Virginia, United States, that ran from 1965-1993. It is known as Richmond's first adult theater, and featured burlesque dancers in its later years. The theater closed in 1993, was bought and reopened by Virginia Commonwealth University, was renamed the Grace Street Theater, and is now used for the Universities Dance program.
The theater, originally the Lee Theater, named after the Confederate general Robert E. Lee, opened on October 13th, 1935. The opening night program it stated it was built "in anticipation of scientific entertainment, miracles of the present and future, talking pictures, and other developments, [that] future generations will know and enjoy." The first showing was of China Seas.Lee Brand, Richard. "Program of the Opening Night of the Lee Theater" (October 13, 1935) [Textual record]. Richard Lee Bland Collection of Richmond Memorabilia,. Richmond, VA: Special Collections and Archives, James Cabell Library,, Virginia Commonwealth University. At this time it was a second-run movie theater that showed family-oriented MGM movies.
Opening as an art house
The theater was remodeled and reopened as the Lee Art Theater in September 1965. It opened with the intention of being an art house, showing mostly foreign films. A personal account explains the Lee Art Theater's marketing as stating, "The programmer was clearly targeting couples with a guilty pleasure as bait but offering a respectable or even critically acclaimed title to validate their attendance." The theater used adult programs as a way to keep people interested in the art house.
Richmond's first porn theater
Without the public desire for foreign films, the theater soon began playing soft-core porn movies such as The Girl From S.I.N and Olga's Dance Hall Girls.The theater even played the huge hit Deep Throat, which helped launch the porn chic movement of the 1970s. Lines formed around the block for the showings of this film. By 1971, it was calling itself "Richmond's first adult theater", and in 1975 it added burlesque dancers.
Lee Art Theater, Inc v. Virginia
Several films were confiscated from the Lee Art Theater by the Richmond police department for obscenity, one of which was Angelique in Black Leather. These movies were taken in violation of Title 18.1-228 Code of Virginia. They were taken without a warrant, and the theater took the case to the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia, where the case was refused. The case was then brought to the Supreme Court and on June 17th, 1968 the films were determined to have been taken unconstitutionally.
Grace Street Theater
After the Supreme Court case, the Lee Art Theater continued to run as an adult theater until it closed in 1993. With the rise of home videos, the need for an adult theater decreased. The theater was then bought by Virginia Commonwealth University and remodeled. In February 1996 the theater reopened, was renamed the Grace Street Theater, and is currently still in use for the university's dance program.
- Bonis, Ray. "Grace Street Theater, Virginia Seventy Years of Film and Dance". Archived from the original on 2013-04-08.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Fuller-Seeley, Kathryn; Dementi, Elisabeth; Dementi, Wayne (2002). Celebrate Richmond Theater. Richmond, VA: Dietz Press. p. 104.
- Standford, Jeff. "THE LEE-ART THEATRE: AN INTRODUCTION TO CONTINENTAL ADULT CINEMA". Movie Morlocks. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Standford, Jeff. "THE LEE-ART THEATRE: AN INTRODUCTION TO CONTINENTAL ADULT CINEMA". Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Ooten, Melissa (2015). Race, Gender, and Film Censorship in Virginia, 1922-1965. Maryland: Lexington Books. p. 180.
- . Richmond Times Dispatch. January 14, 1969 http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives. Missing or empty
- "LEE ART THEATRE, INC. V. VIRGINIA". Retrieved November 11, 2016.