The Legion Imperiale was created by the Vichy French government in November 1942 to oppose the Allies, who had invaded North Africa in order to drive the Axis out. They were only able to raise a single weak battalion for the Legion, called the Phalange Africaine (African phalanx). It consisted of 400-450 men, about 2/3 French and 1/3 Algerians. In the spring of 1943 it fought along with the remnants of the German 334th Infantry Division. In April 1943 it was renamed Légion des Volontaires Française de Tunisie (Legion of French Volunteers of Tunisia), and it went into captivity upon the Axis surrender in Africa in May.