Lesser short-toed lark
|Lesser short-toed lark|
|On Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain|
Many populations, including the Spanish and African breeders, are sedentary (non-migratory), but some Asian birds from the north of the breeding range migrate south in winter. This species is a very rare wanderer to northern and western Europe.
This is a bird of dry open country, preferring even drier and barer soils than greater short-toed lark. It nests on the ground, laying two or three eggs. Its food is seeds and insects, the latter especially in the breeding season.
Care must be taken to distinguish this species from Calandrella larks, such as the greater short-toed lark, Calandrella brachydactyla. This species lacks the dark neck patches of the greater, and has fine streaking across the breast. The bill and head shape also differ. The sexes are similar.
The song is richer, more varied and imitative than that of its relative.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Calandrella rufescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 37, 341. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
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