Limbu clans and tribes

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The Limbu nation is made up of hundreds of clans. Each Limbu clans are classified under their Tribe or subnational entity or according to their place of origin. Almost all the Limbu clan names are unique, therefore it is not necessary to specify the Tribe or the place of origin every time the clan name is said.

The most Limbu (Yakthung) tribes are the original inhabitants and descended from the ancient Kirata mentioned in such Hindu epics as the Mahabharata, other thirteen clans of Limbus originated from Lhasa ghotra and Khasi gotra.[1]

Although, some of the clan names may not be unique for example: Chongbang or Maden. They are divided by listing their tribe name before or after their clan. Chongbang can be Sering-Chongbang or Huuppa-Chongbang or Tilling-Chongbang, similarly Maden clan can be specifically Tilling-Maden or Thokleng-Maden or Tunglung-Maden or Phendua-Maden. Listed Chaobisia, Mawakhola, Tambarkhola, Charkhola, Maiwakhola, Panthar, Tinkhola, Phedap and Yangrok are the names of the places where the respective clans belong to. Chaobisia refers to present day Dhankuta and Morang districts, Tambarkhola area is in present-day Taplejung district, Mewakhola area refers to present day Taplejung and Sankhuwasabha districts, Charkhola is a present-day Ilam and Jhapa districts, Maiwakhola area is in present-day Taplejung district, Tinkhola is in Panchthar district, Panchthar is Panchthar district, Phedap is the north-central area of Terhathum district, Athraya is in northeastern Terhathum district, Chethar is in southern Terhathum, Sankhuwasabha and eastern Dhankuta district. Yangrok area is in present-day Southeast Taplejung, Northeast Panchthar districts and west Sikkim. All of these areas make up Limbuwan.

Nationality[edit]

The unification of Limbuwan kingdoms and Nepal has brought changed on Yakthungs(Limbu) as their Hindu caste system given them name to all those living in Limbuwan as Limbu, Subba and ranked them as one of the unenslavable alcohol consuming groups (namasine matwali jaat).[2] After their land by loss of gorkhaland, the Limbus have divided into three nationality Nepalese Limbu, bhutanese limbu and Indian Limbu.

Clans and marriages[edit]

To Limbus, genealogy is very important before conducting marriages. Limbus don't marry within their own clan known as incest and not into their mother's clan or their grandmothers' clan. Some Traditional and cultural Limbus with strong background, avoid marriages into clans from which they derive their blood, up to seven generations in their father's line and up to five generations in their mother's line. That means Marriages into great-great-great grandmothers' clans are also avoided.[3]

A person of Sering-Chongbang clan can marry a person of Phago-Chongbang or Kajum-Chongbang clan but not of Sering-Chongbang clan, this is because all the members of Sering-Chongbang are descended from the same male ancestor and considered related by bone and blood.The clan names have terms attached to it as well, Libang means the Archer, Tilling means the Police, Menyangbo means the successful one, Samba means the priest, etc. However, clans also have meanings which evolved from sentences e.g. Hembya was according to legend, evolved from "Hey' nangh wa" which translates to "Over there also". However, on original verbal dialect, 'Hembya' would be pronounced as "Hem-phe". This name was previously used to identify Thebe's next clan who settled in a different territory.

The following are the list of Limbu clans.

List of Limbu clans[edit]

A[edit]

  • Ajibungia
  • Angbuhang
  • Angbe
  • Angbo
  • Angbung
  • Anchangbo
  • Angdembe (also Angdembey)
  • Angdemba - Papo
  • Angdemba - Phendua
  • Angdemba - Nembang
  • Angla - Tokleng
  • Anglabang
  • Anglabang - Khewa
  • Angthupo
  • Arumhang
  • Anchangbong-Anchhangbo not ch chh*

Awajungo/Akwajungo/Awajung

 

B[edit]

  • Bokhim - Yyorong
  • Bokhim - Kangva
  • Bokhim - Maa
  • Bokhim - Lokshom
  • Bokhim -khangba
  • Banta
  • Baphu
  • Baragahri - Sangwa
  • Baragahri - Khajum
  • Begha - Tunglung
  • Begha - Panthar
  • Bengtak
  • Bhotangwa
  • Burra
  • Burumba

C[edit]

  • Chambang
  • Charkhele
  • Chebegu
  • Chekphong
  • Chengsui
  • Chenwaphu
  • Chermali
  • Chethare
  • Chilikchan
 
  • Chemjong - Mabo-hang
  • Chemjong - Panthar
  • Chemjong - Lad-ho
  • Chemjong - Chikcho
  • Chilikehomba
  • Chintung
  • Chikcho - Kajum
  • Chabeghu
  • Chungsu - Ejam
  • Chongbang - Huukpa
  • Chongbang - Khajum
  • Chongbang - Khewa
  • Chongbang - Nalbo
  • Chongbang - Phago
  • Chongbang - Samba
  • Chongbang - Sering
  • Chongbang - Tilling
  • Chongbang - Tukyuma
  • Chongbang - Tunglung
 

D[edit]

  • Durombo

E[edit]

  • Edhingo
  • Ehpheng
  • Ejam - Fenjetangling
  • Ekdem
  • Espo
  • Emsong(Emehang)

G[edit]

  • Gnoyongba

H[edit]

  • Hamphia
  • Hangemba - Ejam
  • Hangemba - Yangrok
  • Hangemba - Yungwa
  • Hangemba - Mawakhole
  • Hanggam - Mawakhole
  • Hanggam - Nalbo
  • Hanggam - Sering
  • Hangbang
  • Hangserung
  • Hangun
  • Hanserumba
  • Hembya
  • Hinah
  • Hingo



I[edit]

  • Idingo - Tunglung
  • Idingo - Tinkole
  • Idingo - Athraya
  • Ijam
  • Imusong
  • Inemba
  • Inglamphen
  • Ingnamphe
  • Ingwa - Chethar
  • Ingwa - Tambarkhole
  • Ingwaba - Nembang
  • Ingwaba - Papo
  • Ingwarem
  • Iringba
  • Isubo
  • Iwaram
  • Iwahang

J[edit]

  • Jabegu
  • Jeyoh
  • Jimbukang

K[edit]

  • Khamdak
  • Kadi
  • Kambang - Mabohang
  • Kambang - Sambahang
  • Kanbonan
  • Kandangwa
  • Kanthak
  • Karamba
  • Kawepung
  • Kebok - Tilling
  • Kebok - Yongyahang
  • Kebok - Khewa
  • Kedemba - Sering
  • Keiba - Kebang
  • Keiba - Lingden
  • Kekluke
  • Kerabare
  • Kerung - Panchthar पा‌ंचथर
  • Kerumba
  • Kerung
  • Kerungma
  • Keyo - Ejam
  • Keyung
  • Khajum - Parghari
  • Khajum - Phungyange
  • Khajum - Kurumbang
  • khangwa
  • Khapung
  • Khewa - Tumbah
  • Khewa - Maden
  • Khewa - Mangyak
  • Khewa - Tigella
  • Khewa - Anglabang
  • Khewa - Chongbang
  • Khimding
  • Kobok
  • Kochpongo
  • Kodang
  • Koggeknamba
  • Kogling
  • Kohyang
  • Koklung
  • Kondongwa
  • Kongliba - Ejam
  • Kongwa - Singjango
  • Koyahang
  • Koyohang
  • Kudanamba
  • Kugetnamba
  • Kulunglong
  • Kungari
  • Kurumbang - Khajum
  • Kurumbang
  • Kurungbhong - Chethar

Kyadapa

 

L[edit]

  • Labang
  • Labong
  • Labyung
  • Lad-ho - Chemjong
  • Lahbung
  • Lahoron
  • Laksemba - Ijam
  • Laksomba - Yongyahang
  • Lambeba
  • Lawati
  • Lechharbo
  • Lejenji
  • Lekhongwalong
  • Lekhwa - Kajum
  • Lekwa - Kamthak
  • Lekwa - Samba
  • Lengwa
  • Lepcha
  • Lewahang - Kajum
  • Lewahang - Sambahang
  • Lianmphe
  • Libang
  • Limkhim
  • Lingdam - Immechang
  • Lingdem - Charkole
  • Lingdem - Tinkole
  • Lingdem - Panthare
  • Lingden - Khewa
  • Lingden - Sering
  • Lingden - Yangroke
  • Lingden - Songyokpa
  • Lingdom
  • Lingjemba
  • Lingka
  • Lingkhim
  • Lingthep
  • Lohringen
  • lakshamba
  • laksom
  • Lokhsambo
  • Lokpeba
  • Loksong
  • Loktam
  • Loktong
  • Loli
  • Longwa
  • Longwa
  • Longwago
  • Lua
  • Lugumba
  • Luhimba
  • Lumdhoyu-tambarkhola lingkhim
  • Lungfungwa
  • Lung Maden
  • Lungkimba
  • Lunkimba
  • Luwa
 

M[edit]

  • Ma
  • Mabo
  • Madem
  • Mademba - Huuppa
  • Mademba - Chathare
  • Maden
  • Maden - Bakkim
  • Maden - Khewa
  • Maden - Nalbo
  • Maden - Samba
  • Maden - Tilling
  • Maden - Tokleng
  • Maden - Tukyuma
  • Maden - Tunglung
  • Maden - Phendua
  • Madongya
  • Magmu
  • Mahbe
  • Mahbo - Chemjong
  • Mahbo - Tinkole
  • Mahbo - Yangrok
  • Mahbo - Mahbo
  • Mahsuwa
  • Madenhang
  • Maken
  • Makkhim
  • Makim
  • Maksingbung
  • Malahang
  • Mangap
  • Mangbo
  • Mangdemba
  • Mangden
  • Mangea
  • Manglap
  • Mangmo
  • Mangmu
  • Mangsrukha
  • Mangthumbo
  • Mangwayak
  • Mangyeh
  • Mangyunbgo
  • Mangyung - Tambarkhola
  • Mangyung - Chathar
  • Manjia
  • Mansingbung
  • Mapejong
  • Mardin
  • Marinda
  • Maringdom
  • Mauba
  • Mayang
  • Mayongba
  • Mayuthak - Ejam
  • Mebek
  • Meblak
  • Mebok
  • Mehokpa
  • Mehokpa
  • Mekending
  • Menyangbo
  • Mikluke
  • Mingemba
  • Miyongma
  • Modengba
  • Modengsomba
  • Modenyak
  • Moraba
  • Moringlahang
  • Moro
  • Moyongba
  • Muden
  • Mudenchain
  • Mudensong - Samba
  • Musuhang
 

N[edit]

  • Nabu
  • Naidemba
  • Naika
  • Naklebu
  • Nalbo
  • Nalibe
  • Nalutem
  • Namdehang
  • Namlakpa
  • Nangen
  • Nayamba
  • Neyong
  • Nembang (also Nemwang)
  • Nembang - Nanglakpa
  • Nembang - Yangdemba
  • Nembeke
  • Neongoa
  • Neonwa
  • Neshie
  • Ninglekhu
  • Ninglekhu - Manjia
  • Nogo - Tambarkhola
  • Nogo - Chaobisia
  • Nogo - Lingden
  • Nogo - Tinkole
  • Nugedemma
  • Nugo - Athraya
  • Nundehang
  • Nu - Kurungbhong

O[edit]

  • Ogu
  • Okhebu
  • Okhrabo
  • Ongba
  • Onim

P[edit]

  • Pabemba
  • Padupling
  • Pahim
  • Pehim
  • Pahtangna
  • Painger
  • Pak - Sangwa
  • Pak - Serma
  • Pak - Pheyak
  • Pakpasomba
  • Paksangwa
  • Pakseng
  • Pakserma
  • Palahajum
  • Palange
  • Palghe
  • Palungwa
  • Pambokpa
  • Paneyanggu
  • Pangboma
  • Pangenhang
  • Pangma(Pangmali)
  • Pankemyang
  • Panphoma
  • pangdhak (spread out from labri, khesera, bokhim,tamrang and saplakhu villages)
  • Papalang
  • Papo - Kurungbang
  • Papo - Panthare
  • Papsong
  • Parghari - Khajum
  • Parangden
  • Parangen
  • Pahango
  • Pataha
  • Patare
  • Pegwa
  • Pekim
  • Pemba
  • Pembasong
  • Penchangwa
  • Penjelam
  • Penjetamlingba
  • Pettehba
  • Phaklecha
  • Phakole
  • Phalechuwa
  • Phalechuwa
  • Phamphe
  • Phedapea
  • Pheguba
  • Phegwaden
  • Phejonba
  • Phejong
  • Phemphu
  • Phemsong
  • Phewaden
  • Phiyak
  • Phombo
  • Phonjela
  • Phonpho
  • Phonthak
  • Phonyang
  • Phopra
  • Photre
  • Patangwa
  • Phudunghang
  • Phuglala
  • Phungenahang
  • Pichchowa
  • Pobemba
  • Podalung - Tilling
  • Podalung - Tinkhole
  • Poinyanggu
  • Pomu
  • Pongjange
  • Pehim
  • Potangna - Tumbangphe
  • Potangwa - Sambahang
  • Pothangehere
  • Potro
  • Punglai-ing
  • Punjemba
  • Puradin
  • Purumbo
  • Purungbo
 

S[edit]

  • Sabenhimba
  • Sademba
  • Sakwademba
  • Sakwaden - Ponglai
  • Sakwaden - Tegim
  • Sakwaden - Tumbangphe
  • Selling
  • Samba - Nalbo
  • sambiu (Sembo or Simbu)
  • Samdangwa
  • Sameakamba
  • Samra
  • Samsomba
  • Samsong
  • Samsohang
  • Sangba
  • Sangi
  • Sangita
  • Sangpanggye
  • Sangreba
  • Sangreba
  • Sangsangbo
  • Sangsangu
  • Sangwa
  • Sangwareba
  • Sanjung
  • Sansoyang
  • Sanyak
  • Sapla
  • Sapta
  • Sardaphe
  • Saring
  • Sawaden
  • Sawaden
  • Sayorana
  • Sendang
  • Sedemba - Mabho
  • Sedemba - Sambahang
  • Selling
  • Semhang
  • Sene
  • Senehang
  • Sengsaugbo
  • Sengwangyang
  • Sere
  • Serma
  • Serangchongbang
  • Settling
  • Sewa
  • Sialungma
  • Siba
  • Silingbo
  • Sinehang
  • Sing - Thebe
  • Sing Maden - Khewa
  • Sing Maden - Tilling
  • Singak
  • Singdaba
  • Singgokhang
  • Singh - Kurungbhong
  • Singokua
  • Singthape
  • Singyemba
  • Sigu
  • Singyemba
  • Skuwaba
  • Sobegu
  • Sodemba
  • Sodung
  • Sokiklumba
  • Song
  • Songbamphe
  • Sambahangphe
  • Songbo
  • Sodemba
  • Songrungbang
  • Songyokpa - Chaubisia
  • Songyokpa - Phago
  • Songyokpa - Kurumbang
  • Subasang - Lingden
  • Subasong - Lingkhim
  • Subasong - Tambarkhole
  • Suguwa
  • Suhang
  • Sukarengba
  • Suknawab
  • Sungwapak
  • Sanyokpa(Tumba)
 

T[edit]

  • Tababung-(Tabebung-sangamba Tabebung-khechhingse)
  • Tabelung
  • Thaklung
  • Takmademba
  • Takwaden
  • Tamba
  • Tambe
  • Tambedem
  • Tamdem
  • Tamling
  • Tamorangba
  • Tangba
  • Tangbhopa
  • Tangdewa
  • Tanjamba
  • Tegela
  • Tegim
  • Tegoba
  • Tegothopra
  • Teyung
  • Tellok
  • Tembeh
  • Tengubumthupia
  • Tentak
  • Terathar
  • Thaksu
  • Thakleng
  • Thalang(chongbang & maden)
  • Thamsuhang ( Maksebung)
  • Thandemba
  • Theguba
  • Thebe-thuppoko
  • Thoglema
  • Thoklen
  • Thokpeba
  • Thoksuba - Khewa
  • Thoksuba - Songyokpa
  • Thopra - Phago
  • Thopra - Thegim
  • Thumba
  • Thumsa
  • Thumyangba
  • Thupukum
  • Tigalla
  • Tikapatti
  • Tinglabe
  • Tinkote
  • Todopa
  • Togleng
  • Toklehang
  • Toklengkya
  • Tokphela
  • Tokponden
  • Tole
  • Topetlagu
  • Tubuk
  • Tukimo
  • Tukohang
  • Tum - Papo
  • Tum - Pheyak
  • Tum - Sangwa
  • Tum - Serma
  • Tum - Kurumbang
  • Tumbah - Khewa
  • Tumbahang
  • Tumbang
  • Tumbahangphe - Phedapea
  • Tumbahangphe - Tokleng
  • Tumbahangphe - Phendua
  • Tumbapo - papo
  • Tumbrok - Papo
  • Tumbrok - Phago
  • Tumrok - Tokleng
  • Tumruk - Panthare
  • Tumsa
  • Tumsangwa
  • Tumsengwate
  • Tumsong
  • Tunesang
  • Tungbamphe - Chethare
  • Tungbamphe - Mewakhole
  • Tungbamphe - Nembang
  • Tungbanphe
  • Tungbaphu - Nalbo
  • Tungkamphs
  • Tungkong - Chaobisia
  • Tungkong - CHethare
  • Tunglung
  • Tungohang
  • Tupunge
 

U[edit]

  • Umdeme
  • Unglingba
  • Unjumba
  • Usuk
 

W[edit]

  • Wabungia
  • Wade
  • Wahek
  • Waji - Chaobisia
  • Waji - Phedapea
  • Waji - Athraya
  • Wanem - Phago
  • Warakpa
  • Warupa
  • Wayahnag-Kajum
  • Wayam Kajum
  • Wegu
  • Werniba
  • Wetupma
  • Wobungia
  • Wodokba
  • Woyang

Y[edit]

  • Yakso
  • Yakpaden
  • Yambhota
  • Yangboku
  • Yangboten
  • Yangdem
  • Yangdemba
  • Yanghimba
  • Yangnam
  • Yangrokia
  • Yangsata
  • Yangseba
  • Yangsoba
  • Yangwago
  • Yangya
  • Yanroke
  • Yanwabhu
  • Yawa
  • Yekten
  • Yengdem
  • Yengden
  • Yengdemba
  • Yohimbang
  • Yokippa
  • Yokpangden
  • Yoksoba
  • Yoksuba
  • Yoksuma
  • Yongatemba
  • Yongden - thopra
  • Yongeywa
  • Yonghang
  • yungsahang

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Culture, Creation, and Procreation: Concepts of Kinship in South Asian Practice By Monika Böck, Aparna Rao, Berghahn Books, 2000
  2. ^ Colloques internationaux du Centre national de la recherche scientifique By Marc Gaborieau, Alice Thorner Ed, 1979
  3. ^ Census of India, 1901, Census Commissioner, By Sir Herbert Hope Risley, India, 1903