Odorrana mawphlangensis

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Odorrana mawphlangensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Odorrana
Species:
O. mawphlangensis
Binomial name
Odorrana mawphlangensis
Pillai and Chanda, 1977
Synonyms[1]
  • Rana mawphlangensis
    Pillai and Chanda, 1977
  • Limnonectes mawphlangensis Pillai and Chanda, 1977

Odorrana mawphlangensis is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It is endemic to northeastern India,[2][1] although its range might extend into Bhutan and Nepal.[2] The type locality is Mawphlang sacred forest in the Khasi Hills.[3] Common names Mawphlang wart frog, Mawphlang frog, Mawphlang odorous frog, and hill stream frog have been coined for it.[2][1]

Description[edit]

Odorrana mawphlangensis are large frogs that grow to 90–106 mm (3.5–4.2 in) in snout–vent length. The body is elongated and dorsoventrally compressed. The head is as wide as it is long. The eyes are relatively large and have elliptically horizontal pupils. The tympanum is distinct. The limbs are long. The fingers are long and bear small discs. The toes are long, almost fully webbed, and bearing distinct discs. The dorsum has glandular warts and dorsolater glandular folds that run from behind the eye to the groin. Colouration is dorsally green to bronze-brown with brown circular spots. The lip has yellow to bronze-brown stripes. The lower jaw and the flanks have golden marbling or spotting. The ventrum is whitish.[3]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Odorrana mawphlangensis is a semi-aquatic frog occurring near streams in tropical moist forests at elevations below 1,100 m (3,600 ft) above sea level,[2] or in sub-tropical moist forests at elevations of 1,500–1,800 m (4,900–5,900 ft), depending on the source.[3] The threats to this poorly-known species are unknown.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2019). "Odorrana mawphlangensis (Pillai and Chanda, 1977)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dutta, S.; Ohler, A.; Bordoloi, S. & Sengupta, S. (2004). "Odorrana mawphlangensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T58356A11771537. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58356A11771537.en. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Venkataraman, K.; Chattopadhyay, A. & Subramanian, K.A., eds. (2013). Endemic Animals of India (Vertebrates). Kolkata: Zoological Survey of India. pp. 235+26 plates. [Odorrana mawphlangensis: p. 100–101]