Spencer Yard

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Spencer Yard aka Linwood Yard is one of the largest classification railroad yards in North Carolina. It is also one of the remaining hump yards in North America, [1] which are steadily being eliminated. [2] The yard is operated by Norfolk Southern Railway (NS). The yard is located 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Salisbury, and 8 miles (13 km) north of Spencer, off Interstate 85 in Davidson County, west of Linwood. [3] The yard is on the edge of the NS Charlotte District and Danville District, and the Asheville District is nearby in Salisbury.


Spencer Yard, aka Linwood Yard for the location, is named after Samuel Spencer, the first president of Southern Railway. [4] It started operations in 1979 for the Southern Railway, before the NS merger. The project cost $49 million to build. The yard is 376 acres (1.52 km2) and 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long and consists of more than 65 miles (105 km) of track. [3] The yard facilities include diesel locomotive repair shops, which replaced older facilities at the nearby Spencer Shops.[5]

Current operation[edit]

More than the 20 freight trains are handled by Spencer Yard (aka Linwood Yard) every day. More than 1,000 employees serve the yard, and the yard reassembles more than 3,000 cars a day.


  1. ^ "North America's hump yards July 8, 2006" Accessed 2018-02-20.
  2. ^ "New CSX CEO Shakes Up the Railroad, Starting With ‘Hump Yards’ April 18, 2017" Accessed 2018-02-20.
  3. ^ a b Rhodes, Michael (2003). North American Railroads (1 ed.). Voyageur Press. pp. 216,240. ISBN 1610604598. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  4. ^ "Norfolk Southern, Our History, 2012" Accessed 2018-02-20
  5. ^ "North Carolina Transportation Museum - History of Spencer Shops." Accessed 2009-06-17.