List of ambassadors of Russia to France

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Diplomatic relations between Russia and France
Russian Empire
August 5, 1717 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1733 – Diplomatic relations broken off, War of the Polish Succession begins
1738 – Restoration of diplomatic relations, War of the Polish Succession ends
1748 – Diplomatic relations broken off, Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends War of the Austrian Succession
1755 – Restoration of diplomatic relations
1756 - Diplomatic Revolution, alliance for Seven Years' War
1799–1800 – War of the Second Coalition
1800 – Restoration of diplomatic relations
August 28, 1804 – Diplomatic relations broken off, War of the Third Coalition
June 26, 1807 – Restoration of diplomatic relations, Treaty of Tilsit
1812 – Diplomatic relations severed, French invasion of Russia
May 18, 1814 – Restoration of diplomatic relations, Treaty of Paris (1815)
January 23, 1854 – Diplomatic relations severed, Crimean War
March 18, 1856 – Restoration of diplomatic relations, Treaty of Paris (1856)
August 21, 1891 – Franco-Russian Alliance
1904 – Triple Entente formed
Soviet Union
October 26, 1917 – October Revolution, diplomatic relations severed
October 28, 1924 – Diplomatic relations established
November 29, 1932 – Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance
June 30, 1941 – Diplomatic relations severed, Operation Barbarossa
October 23, 1944 – Restoration of diplomatic relations
Russian Federation
February 7, 1992 – France recognizes the Russian Federation as successor to the USSR

Russian-French contacts began on August 5, 1717, when the first Russian ambassador, sent by Tsar Peter I of Russia, presented his credentials to King Louis XV of France.[1] France responded by sending its first ambassador to Russia, Jacques Kompredon, in September 1721.[2] Since then, relations were fairly constant between the two countries, although they were severed and restored many times. Overall, relations between France and Russia have been very close, and French was even considered the unofficial second language of Russia in the 18th and 19th centuries.[3]

Relations between the two countries were severed in 1733 with the start of the War of the Polish Succession and resumed in 1738. Poor relations between the revolutionary government of France and the Russian Monarchy led to relations being severed in 1792. The Napoleonic Wars marked the start of new conflicts between Russia and France, which were not restored until the conclusion of the War of the Second Coalition between Russia and France in 1800. The War of the Third Coalition in 1805 led to the disruption of diplomatic relations once again, which were not restored until the signing of the Treaty of Paris on November 20, 1815. Russia and France conflicted over different views following the Revolutions of 1848 and the French support of revolutions in multinational countries. This led to the Crimean War on March 27, 1854, which ended with a Russian defeat on March 30, 1856.[4] Relations between the two countries improved after that, and remained uninterrupted until the October Revolution.[2]

French Prime Minister Édouard Herriot sent a telegram to Alexey Rykov, the President of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, on October 26, 1924, informing him of the French recognition of the establishment of the Soviet Union. When Germany declared war on the Soviet Union on June 30, 1941, the Vichy France government broke off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. Relations were reestablished on October 23, 1944, with the Soviet recognition of the new Provisional Government of the French Republic. Since then, relations between the new nations remained unbroken, although they were cold at times during the Cold War.[2][5]

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, relations with France and the new Russian Federation were warm, and France recognized Russia as the successor of the USSR on February 7, 1992. The current Russian ambassador to France is Alexander Konstantinovich Orlov.[2][6]

Ambassadors of the Russian Empire to the Kingdom of France[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Grigory Ivanovich Volkov Charge D'Affaires July 1, 1711 October 1712
Ivan Isaevich Lefort Charge D'Affaires 1716 1717
Hans Christoph Shleynits Envoy August 9, 1717 1720
Vasily Lukich Dolgorukoff Dolgorukov Vasiliy Lukich.jpg Envoy September 25, 1720 March 16, 1722
Alexander Kurakin Borovikovsky portrait of Kurakine A 1802.jpg Ambassador May 4, 1722 1724
Boris Kurakin Boris Ivanovich Kurakin by Peter Gunst.jpg Ambassador 1724 October 17, 1727
Alexander Kurakin Borovikovsky portrait of Kurakine A 1802.jpg Ambassador October 17, 1727 July 11, 1728
Alexander Golovkin Gavrilovic Envoy 1729 1731
Sergei Khristoforovich Minich Charge D'Affaires July 1731 1733
Antiokh Kantemir Antioch Kantemir.jpg Envoy April 18, 1738 December 11, 1738
Antiokh Kantemir Antioch Kantemir.jpg Ambassador December 11, 1738 September 24, 1742
Antiokh Kantemir Antioch Kantemir.jpg Envoy September 24, 1742 March 31, 1744
Alexei Gross Chargé d'Affaires March 31, 1744 1745
Alexei Gross Envoy 1745 June 1748
Fedor Behteev Charge D'Affaires 1756 July 11, 1757
Mikhail Petrovich Bestuzhev-Rumin Ambassador August 10, 1756 February 26, 1760
Peter Chernyshev Ambassador July 4, 1760 July 26, 1762
Sergei Vasilievich Saltykov S.V. Saltykov.jpg Ambassador 1762 August 1763
Dmitry Golitsyn Dmitriy Vladimirovich Golitsyn.jpg Ambassador 1762 1768
Nikolai Konstantinovich Khotyn Chargé d'Affaires 1767 1774
Ivan Baryatinskiy Ambassador August 1773 1785
Ivan Matveevich Simolin SIMOLIN IVAN MATVEEVICH (1720-1799).gif Ambassador March 14, 1784 September 19, 1799
Source: Diplomats of the Russian Empire- France[4]

Ambassadors of the Russian Empire to the First French Empire[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Stepan Alexeevich Kolychev Ambassador 1800 July 1, 1801
Arkady Ivanovich Morkov Le Comte Arcade Ivanowitch Morkoff.jpg Ambassador July 1, 1801 October 26, 1803
Peter Yakovlevich Ubri UBRI PETER YAKOVLEVICH (1775-1847).gif Chargé d'Affaires November 15, 1803 August 28, 1804
Petr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy.jpg Ambassador August 31, 1807 October 19, 1808
Grigory Ivanovich Gagarin Chargé d'Affaires October 1808 November 1808
Alexander Kurakin Borovikovsky portrait of Kurakine A 1802.jpg Ambassador October 19, 1808 November 10, 1812
Source: Diplomats of the Russian Empire- France[4]

Ambassadors of the Russian Empire to the Kingdom of France[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Carl Osipovich Pozzo di Borgo Pozzo di Borgo.jpg Envoy April 1, 1814 February 17, 1821
Carl Osipovich Pozzo di Borgo Pozzo di Borgo.jpg Ambassador February 17, 1821 January 5, 1835
Peter Palen Ambassador March 11, 1835 April 8, 1841
Nicholas Kiselev Chargé d'Affaires October 30, 1841 April 8, 1851
Source: Diplomats of the Russian Empire- France[4]

Ambassadors of the Russian Empire to the French Second Empire[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Nikolay Dmitrievich Kiselev ND Kiselev.jpg Envoy January 6, 1853 January 23, 1854
Pavel Dmitrievich Kiselyov Kiseleff.jpg Ambassador July 11, 1856 September 15, 1862
Andrey Fedorovich Budberg Budberg-af.jpg Ambassador November 3, 1862 April 10, 1868
Ernest Gustavovich Stackelberg Ernest Gustavovich Shtakelberg.jpg Ambassador April 25, 1868 April 30, 1870
Philipp Ivanovich Brunnov Philipp Graf von Brunnow, Vanity Fair, 1870-12-03.jpg Ambassador (nominal) May 21, 1870 November 28, 1870
Source: Diplomats of the Russian Empire- France[4]

Ambassadors of the Russian Empire to the French Third Republic[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Nikolay Alexeyevich Orlov Nikolay Alekseyevich Orlov.jpg Ambassador December 11, 1871 February 8, 1884
Arthur Pavlovich Morenheim Arthur-Mohrenheim-1905.jpg Ambassador February 8, 1884 November 18, 1897
Lev Pavlovich Urusov Lev Pavlovich Urusov.jpg Ambassador November 19, 1897 1904
Alexander Ivanovich Nelidov Nelidov Alexandr (1835-1910).jpg Ambassador 1904 September 5, 1910
Alexander Petrovich Izvolsky Извольский Александр Петрович, 1894.jpg Ambassador 1910 March 3, 1917
Source: Diplomats of the Russian Empire- France[4]

Ambassadors of the Soviet Union to the Republic of France[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Leonid Borisovich Krasin Krasin.jpg Plenipotentiary November 14, 1924 October 30, 1925
Christian Rakovsky Rakovsky01.jpg Plenipotentiary October 30, 1925 October 21, 1927
Valerian Savel'evich Dovgalevsky Plenipotentiary October 21, 1927 July 14, 1934
Vladimir Petrovich Potemkin Plenipotentiary November 25, 1934 April 4, 1937
Jacob Surits Plenipotentiary April 4, 1937 March 29, 1940
Alexander Efremovich Bogomolov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary October 23, 1944 March 25, 1950
Alexei Pavlovich Pavlov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 25, 1950 July 7, 1953
Sergey Vinogradov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 7, 1953 March 24, 1965
Valerian Aleksandrovich Zorin Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary March 24, 1965 September 18, 1971
Pyotr Abrasimov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 18, 1971 April 9, 1973
Stepan Chervonenko Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 3, 1973 January 20, 1983
Yuli Vorontsov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary January 20, 1983 June 19, 1986
James Ryabov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary June 19, 1986 May 23, 1990
Yuri Dubinin Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 1990 1991
Source: Reference History of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union[7]

Ambassadors of the Russian Federation to France[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until
Yuri Ryzhov Юрий Алексеевич Рыжов Yury Ryzhov.jpg Ambassador 1992 1998
Nikolai Nikolaevich Afanasievsky Ambassador 1999 March 2002
Aleksandr Avdeyev Авдеев Александр Алексеевич.jpg Ambassador February 21, 2002 March 16, 2007
Alexander Konstantinovich Orlov Ambassador October 14, 2008
Source:[6][8][9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher Kenneth (September 2010). "Russia and France marking a special year in special diplomatic relations". The Russia Corporate World. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Franco-Russian relations" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  3. ^ "Year of France in Russia takes off". Russia Today. February 25, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Vitaliy Solovyev. "France (Residence in Paris)" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  5. ^ "Franco-Russian Alliance" (in Russian). Soviet Historical Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  6. ^ a b Alexander Bocharnikov. "Alexander Orlov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Russia to the French Republic" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  7. ^ "Authoritative representation – the USSR Embassy in France" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  8. ^ "Alexander A. Avdeev" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  9. ^ "Yuri Ryzhov" (in Russian). Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  10. ^ "The Russian ambassador to Poland Nikolai Afanasievsky died in Warsaw" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2011-01-30.