List of Negro league baseball teams

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This list of Negro league baseball teams is based in part on the list maintained by the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum of Kansas City, Missouri, in using the term "Negro leagues" for varying levels of black baseball during racial segregation in the United States. Many of these teams reorganized or relocated which necessitated changing of names and frequently its players, staff and owner.

Teams in bold are considered to have been of major league caliber for at least one season of their existence. Other teams were either a semi-pro, barnstorming or traveling team; a minor league team; or a team that existed after the integration of Major League Baseball (1946) when the talent level declined dramatically.

Alabama[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Birmingham Black Barons 1920 1961 NSL (1920–23, 26, 31–36)
NNL1 (1924–25, 27–30)
NAL (1937–38, 40–61)
  • NSL was a minor league every season except 1932
  • Did not field a team for 1939
[1]
Birmingham Giants 1907 1909 Independent (1907–09) [2]
Mobile Black Bears [3]
Mobile Tigers [citation needed]
Montgomery Grey Sox (I) 1920 1921 NSL (1920)
Independent (1921)
[4]
Montgomery Grey Sox (II) 1931 1932 Independent (1931)
NSL (1932)
[5]

Arkansas[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Little Rock Black Travelers [3]

California[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Los Angeles White Sox 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [6]
Oakland Larks 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [7]
San Diego Tigers 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [8]
San Francisco Sea Lions 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [9]

Colorado[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Denver White Elephants [citation needed]

Connecticut[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Ansonia Cuban Giants 1891 1891 Connecticut State League The Ansonia Cuban Giants were an all-black team in an otherwise all-white league [citation needed]

Delaware[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Wilmington Potomacs
(See Washington Potomacs)
1925 1925 ECL (1925)
  • Disbanded mid-season 1925
[3]

District of Columbia[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Washington Black Senators 1938 1938 ECL (1938)
  • Disbanded in August before season ended
[3]
Washington Elite Giants
(See Baltimore Elite Giants)
1936 1937 NNL2 (1936–37) [10]
Washington Pilots 1932 1932 EWL (1932) [3]
Washington Potomacs club
  • Washington Potomacs (1923–24)
  • Wilmington Potomacs (1925)
1923 1925 Independent (1923)
ECL (1924–25)
[3]
Washington Homestead Grays
(See Homestead Grays)
1939 c. 1950s NNL2 (1939–48)
Independent (1949–c. 50s)
  • Split home games in Pittsburgh
  • Alternately known as Washington Grays later
  • Sparingly used Pittsburgh as home field after c. 1948
[11]

Florida[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Jacksonville Red Caps club
  • Jacksonville Red Caps (1938)
  • Cleveland Bears (1939–40)
  • Jacksonville Red Caps (1941–42)
1938 1942 NAL (1938–42)
  • Disbanded midway through 1942 season
[12]
Ethiopian Clowns
(See Indianapolis Clowns)
c. 1930s 1942 Independent (c. 1930s–42)
  • Based in Miami
  • Also known as Miami Giants c. 1930s
[citation needed]

Georgia[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Atlanta Black Crackers (I) club
  • Atlanta Black Crackers (I) (1919–38)
  • Indianapolis ABCs (IV) (1939)
1919 1939 Independent (1919)
NSL (1920–37)
NAL (1938–39)
  • NSL was a minor league every season except 1932
  • Disestablished May 1939
[13][14]
Atlanta Black Crackers (II) 1940 1948 NSL (1940)
Independent (1941–48)
[13]

Illinois[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Chicago American Giants 1910 1952 Independent (1910–19)
NNL1 (1920–31)
NSL (1932)
NNL2 (1933–35)
Independent (1936)
NAL (1937–52)
  • Formed via 1909 split of Leland Giants
(See Leland Giants entry)
  • Known as Leland Giants (II) 1910
  • Also known as Cole’s American Giants 1932–35
  • Moved majority of home games temporarily to Indianapolis 1933
[15]
Chicago Brown Bombers 1945 1945 USBL (1945) [16]
Chicago Columbia Giants 1899 1900 Independent (1899–1900)
  • Merged with Chicago Unions to become Chicago Union Giants 1901
  • (See Leland Giants entry)
[17]
Chicago Giants 1910 1921 Independent (1910–19)
NNL1 (1920–21)
  • Formed via 1909 split of Leland Giants
(See Leland Giants entry)
[18]
Chicago Unions 1887 1900 Independent (1887–1900)
  • Merged with Chicago Columbia Giants to become Chicago Union Giants 1901
  • (See Leland Giants entry)
[19]
Leland Giants 1901 1909 Independent (1901–09)
  • Formed via 1901 merger of:
Chicago Unions (1887–1900)
Chicago Columbia Giants (1899–1900)
  • Known as Chicago Union Giants 1901–04
  • Split after 1909 to form:
Chicago Giants
(See Chicago Giants entry)
Leland Giants (II)
(See Chicago American Giants entry)
[20][21]

Indiana[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Cole’s American Giants
(See Chicago American Giants)
1933 1933 NNL2 (1933)
  • Played majority of home games temporarily in Indianapolis 1933
[15]
Indianapolis ABCs (I) c. 1913 1926 Independent (1913–19)
NNL1 (1920–26)
[14]
Indianapolis ABCs (II) club
  • Indianapolis ABCs (II) (1931–33)
  • Detroit Stars (II) (1933)
1931 1933 NNL1 (1931)
NSL (1932)
NNL2 (1933)
  • Relocated to Detroit shortly after opening day 1933
[14][22]
Indianapolis ABCs (III)
(See St. Louis Stars (III))
1938 1938 NAL (1938) [14][23]
Indianapolis ABCs (IV)
(See Atlanta Black Crackers (I))
1939 1939 NAL (1939)
  • Disestablished May 1939
[14]
Indianapolis Clowns club
  • Miami Giants (c. 1930s)
  • Ethiopian Clowns (c. 1930s–42)
  • Cincinnati Clowns (1943)
  • Indianapolis–Cincinnati Clowns (1944)
  • Cincinnati Clowns (1945)
  • Indianapolis Clowns (1946–62)
c. 1930s 1962 Independent (c. 1930s–42)
NAL (1943–55)
Independent (1956–62)
[citation needed]
Indianapolis Athletics 1937 1937 NAL (1937) [3]
Indianapolis Crawfords
(See Pittsburgh Crawfords)
1940 1940 NAL (1940)
  • Folded after 1940 season
[24]

Kansas[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Kansas City Giants 1909 1911 Independent (1909–11) [25]

Kentucky[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Louisville Black Caps club
  • Louisville Black Caps (Apr–Aug)
  • Columbus Turfs (Aug–Sept)
1932 1932 NSL (1932)
  • Relocated to Columbus in August then folded at end of season
[3]
Louisville Black Colonels [3]
Louisville Buckeyes
(See Cleveland Buckeyes)
1949 1949 NAL (1949) [26]
Louisville Fall City 1887 1887 NCBBL (1887) [27]
Louisville White Sox 1931 1931 NNL1 (1931) [3]
Zulu Cannibal Giants 1934 1937 Independent (1934–37)
  • Based in Louisville
[19]

Louisiana[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Alexandria Black Aces [28]
Alexandria Lincoln Giants [28]
Baton Rouge Black Sox [29][30]
Baton Rouge Hardwood Sports [30]
Baton Rouge Stars [28]
Detroit–New Orleans Stars
(See Detroit Stars (IV))
1960 1961 NAL (1960–61)
  • Folded after 1961 season
[31]
Ferriday Stars [28]
Gretna Lookouts [28]
Hammond Cubs [28]
Hammond Hardhitters [28]
Houma Delta Cubs [30]
Lake Charles Lincoln Giants [30]
Melpomene White Sox [28]
Mereaux Tigers [28]
Metairie Pelicans [28]
Monroe Monarchs 1920s 1935 Negro Southern League (1932)
  • NSL only organized league to complete the 1932 season
    (Considered de facto Major League)
[32][30]
Morgan City Bears [28]
Morgan City Black Sox [28]
New Orleans Ads 1920 1920 Negro Southern League (1920)
  • Team often referred to as the Caulfield Ads
[29]
New Orleans Algiers Giants [29][30][28]
New Orleans Black Eagles [citation needed]
New Orleans Black Pelicans [29][30]
New Orleans Black Rappers [31]
New Orleans Blue Rappers [31]
New Orleans Cohens [28]
New Orleans Creoles [31]
New Orleans Crescents [28]
New Orleans Crescent Stars 1921 1937 Independent (1921-22, 1932-37) [31][30]
New Orleans Dumonts [28]
New Orleans Eagles [31]
New Orleans Eclipse [31]
New Orleans Pinchbacks [28]
New Orleans Stars 1924 1924 Independent (1924) [28]
New Orleans Unions/Crescents [29]
New Orleans–St. Louis Stars
(See St. Louis Stars (III))
1940 1941 NAL (1940–41)
  • Split home games between New Orleans and St. Louis
[23]
Plaquemine Tigers [28]
Scotlandville White Sox [28]
Secret Nine Baseball [28]
Shreveport Acme Giants [30]
Shreveport Black Sports [33]
Shrewsbury Globetrotters [28]
Slidell Creoles [30]
West Baton Rouge Cubs [30]
Winfield Devils [28]

Maryland[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Baltimore Black Sox (I) 1916 1933 Independent (1916–22)
ECL (1923–28)
ANL (1929)
Independent (1930–31)
EWL (1932)
NNL2 (1933)
[34]
Baltimore Black Sox (II) 1934 1934 NNL2 (1934)
  • Only played second half of season then folded
[34]
Baltimore Elite Giants club
  • Nashville Standard Giants (1919–20)
  • Nashville Elite Giants (1921–30)
  • Cleveland Cubs (1931)
  • Nashville Elite Giants (1932–34)
  • Columbus Elite Giants (1935)
  • Washington Elite Giants (1936–37)
  • Baltimore Elite Giants (1938–51)
1919 1951 Independent (1919–29)
NNL1 (1930–31)
NSL (1932)
NNL2 (1933–48)
NAL (1949–51)
  • Dissolved around 1951
[10]
Baltimore Lord Baltimores 1887 1887 NCBBL (1887) [35]

Massachusetts[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Boston Resolutes 1887 1887 NCBBL (1887) [36]
Boston Royal Giants IL (1906)
  • Based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1906
  • Known as Quaker Giants 1906
[citation needed][37]
Boston Blues 1946 1946 USBL (1946) [38]

Michigan[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Detroit Stars (I) 1919 1931 Independent (1919)
NNL1 (1920–31)
[22]
Detroit Stars (II)
(See Indianapolis ABCs (II))
1933 1933 NNL2 (1933)
  • Relocated from Indianapolis shortly after opening day 1933
[14][22]
Detroit Stars (III) 1937 1937 NAL (1937) [22]
Detroit Stars (IV) club
  • Detroit Stars (IV) (1954–57)
  • Detroit Clowns (1958)
  • Detroit Stars (IV) (1959)
  • Detroit–New Orleans Stars (1960–61)
1954 1961 NAL (1954–61) [citation needed]
Detroit Wolves 1932 1932 EWL (1932)
  • Only season in existence
[39]
Page Fence Giants 1895 1898 Independent (1895–98)
  • Based in Adrian, Michigan
[40]

Minnesota[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
St. Paul Colored Gophers 1907 1911 Independent (1907–11)
  • Played as the Twin City Gophers 1911
[41]
Twin City Colored Giants [citation needed]


Missouri[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Kansas City Monarchs 1920 1965 NNL1 (1920–31)
Independent (1932–36)
NAL (1937–61)
Independent (1962–65)
  • Later based in Grand Rapids, MI 1956–65
[42]
St. Louis Stars (I) 1906 1931 Independent (1906–19)
NNL1 (1920–31)
  • Known as St. Louis Giants 1906–21
[23]
St. Louis Stars (II) 1937 1937 NAL (1937)
  • Only season in existence
[23]
St. Louis Stars (III) club
  • Indianapolis ABCs (III) (1938)
  • St. Louis Stars (III) (1939)
  • New Orleans–St. Louis Stars (1940–41)
  • Harrisburg–St. Louis Stars (1943)
1938 1943 NAL (1938–41)
NNL2 (1943)
  • Played home games in New Orleans and St. Louis 1940–41
  • Did not field a team for 1942; team merged with New York Black Yankees of NNL
  • Played all home games in Harrisburg; none in St. Louis 1943
[14][23]

New Jersey[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Bacharach Giants (I) 1916 1929 Independent (1916–22)
ECL (1923–28)
ANL (1929)
[citation needed]
Cuban Giants 1885 c. 1915 Independent (1885–1906)
NA (1907–09)
Independent (1910–c. 15)
  • Based in Trenton
  • Part of team split after 1896 to form Cuban X-Giants
  • After split, known as Genuine Cuban Giants or Original Cuban Giants
[43]
Cuban X-Giants 1897 1907 Independent (1897–1905)
IL (1906)
NA (1907)
  • Formed via 1896 split of Cuban Giants
  • Based in Trenton
[44]
Jersey City Colored Athletics [citation needed]
Newark Browns 1932 1932 EWL (1932) [45]
Newark Dodgers 1933 1935 Independent (1933)
NNL2 (1934–35)
  • Merged with Brooklyn Eagles to become Newark Eagles 1936
  • (See Newark Eagles entry)
[46]
Newark Eagles club
  • Newark Eagles (1936–48)
  • Houston Eagles (1949–50)
1936 1950 NNL2 (1936–48)
NAL (1949–50)
  • Formed via 1936 merger of:
Newark Dodgers (1933–35)
Brooklyn Eagles (1935)
[46]
Newark Stars 1926 1926 ECL (1926) [47]

New York[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Brooklyn Eagles 1935 1935 NNL2 (1935)
  • Merged with Newark Dodgers to become Newark Eagles 1936
  • (See Newark Eagles entry)
[46]
Brooklyn Royal Giants 1905 1942 Independent (1905–06)
NA (1907–09)
Independent (1910–22)
ECL (1923–27)
Independent (1928–42)
  • Deteriorated to minor league status by the 1930s
[48]
Harlem Stars [citation needed]
Lincoln Giants 1911 1930 Independent (1911–22)
ECL (1923–26)
Independent (1927)
ECL (1928)
ANL (1929)
Independent (1930)
  • Based in New York City
[49]
Lincoln Stars 1914 1917 Independent (1914–17)
  • Based in New York City
[50]
New York Black Yankees 1931 1959 Independent (1931–35)
NNL2 (1936–48)
Independent (1949–59)
  • Known as Harlem Black Bombers 1931
[51]
New York Cubans 1935 1950 NNL2 (1935–36)
NNL2 (1939–48)
NAL (1949–50)
  • Did not field a team 1937–38
[52]

Ohio[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Akron Black Tyrites 1933 1933 NNL2 (1933)
  • Merged/replaced the Columbus Blue Birds mid-season 1933
  • Folded/replaced by the Cleveland Giants for last month of 1933
[53]
Dayton Marcos c. 1910s c. 1930s Independent (c. 1910s–19)
NNL1 (1920)
Independent (1921–25)
NNL1 (1926)
Independent (1927–c. 30s)
[54]
Toledo Crawfords
(See Pittsburgh Crawfords)
1939 1939 NAL (1939) [24]
Toledo Rays [citation needed]
Toledo Tigers 1923 1923 NNL1 (1923)
  • Folded mid-season 1923
[55]

Cincinnati[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Cincinnati Browns 1887 1887 NCBBL (1887)
  • Played no league games due to NCBBL folding
  • Played independent of a league briefly, then folded
[citation needed]
Cincinnati Buckeyes
(See Cleveland Buckeyes)
1942 1942 NAL (1942) [26]
Cincinnati Clowns
(See Indianapolis Clowns)
1943 1945 NAL (1943–45)
  • Played home games in Indianapolis and Cincinnati 1944–45
  • Also known as Indianapolis–Cincinnati Clowns 1944–45
[citation needed]
Cincinnati Cuban Stars
(See Cuban Stars (West))
1921 1921 NNL1 (1921) [citation needed]
Cincinnati Tigers 1934 1937 Independent (1934–36)
NAL (1937)
[56]

Cleveland[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Cleveland Bears
(See Jacksonville Red Caps)
1939 1940 NAL (1939–40) [12]
Cleveland Browns 1924 1924 NNL1 (1924) [57]
Cleveland Buckeyes club
  • Cincinnati-Cleveland Buckeyes (1942)
  • Cleveland Buckeyes (1943–48)
  • Louisville Buckeyes (1949)
  • Cleveland Buckeyes (1950)
1942 1950 NAL (1942–50)
  • Half of 1942 home schedule in Cincinnati, half in Cleveland
  • Disbanded mid-season 1950
[26]

[58]

Cleveland Cubs
(See Baltimore Elite Giants)
1931 1931 NNL1 (1931) [10]
Cleveland Elites (1926)
Cleveland Hornets (1927)
Cleveland Tigers (1928)
1926 1928 NNL1 (1926–28)
  • Teams are considered separate but closely linked
[59]
[60]
[61]
Cleveland Giants 1933 1933 NNL2 (1933)
  • Formed from remnants of the Akron Black Tyrites for end of 1933
[62]
Cleveland Red Sox 1934 1934 NNL2 (1934)
  • Only season in existence
[63]
Cleveland Stars 1932 1932 EWL (1932)
  • Folded mid-season 1932
[64]
Cleveland Tate Stars 1922 1923 NNL1 (1922-1923)
  • Played as NNL team in 1922, played as associate team in 1923
[65]

[66]

Columbus[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Columbus Blue Birds 1933 1933 NNL2 (1933)
  • Dissolved/merged with Akron Black Tyrites mid-season 1933
[67]
Columbus Buckeyes 1921 1921 NNL1 (1921)
  • Only season in existence
[68]
Columbus Elite Giants
(See Baltimore Elite Giants)
1935 1935 NNL2 (1935) [10]
Columbus Turfs
(See Louisville Black Caps)
1932 1932 NSL (1932)
  • Relocated from Louisville in August then folded at end of season
[3]

Oregon[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Portland Rosebuds 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [69]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Harrisburg[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Harrisburg Giants 1922 1927 Independent (1922–23)
ECL (1924–27)
[70]
Harrisburg Monrovians [citation needed]
Harrisburg–St. Louis Stars
(See St. Louis Stars (III))
1943 1943 NNL2 (1943)
  • Played all home games in Harrisburg; none in St. Louis
  • Disbanded mid-season 1943
[23]

Philadelphia[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Active Club of Philadelphia 1800s [71]
Anchor Giants early 1900s [72]
Bacharach Giants (II) 1931 1942 Independent (1931–33)
NNL2 (1934)
Independent (1935–42)
[citation needed]
Hilldale Club 1916 1932 Independent (1916–22)
ECL (1923–28)
ANL (1929)
Independent (1930–31)
EWL (1932)
  • Also known as Hilldale Daisies, Darby Daisies
  • Based near Philadelphia
[73]
Philadelphia Pythians 1867 1887 Independent (1867–86)
NCBBL (1887)
[74]
Philadelphia Giants 1902 1916 Independent (1902–05)
IL (1906)
NA (1907–09)
Independent (1910–16)
[75][76]
Philadelphia Stars 1933 1952 Independent (1933)
NNL2 (1934–48)
NAL (1949–52)
[77]
Philadelphia Tigers 1928 1928 ECL (1928) [78]

Pittsburgh[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Homestead Grays club
  • Homestead Grays (c. 1912–38)
  • Washington Homestead Grays (1939–c. 50s)
  • Washington Grays (1939–c. 50s)
c. 1912 c. 1950s Independent (c. 1912–28)
ANL (1929)
Independent (1930–31)
EWL (1932)
Independent (1933–34)
NNL2 (1935–48)
Independent (1949–c. 50s)
  • Based near Pittsburgh
  • Started to split home games with Washington, D.C. 1939
  • Sparingly used Pittsburgh as home field after c. 1948
[11]
Pittsburgh Crawfords club
  • Pittsburgh Crawfords (1931–38)
  • Toledo Crawfords (1939)
  • Indianapolis Crawfords (1940)
1931 1940 Independent (1931–32)
NNL2 (1933–38)
NAL (1939–40)
[24]
Pittsburgh Keystones (I) 1887 1887 NCBBL (1887) [79]
Pittsburgh Keystones (II) 1921 1922 NNL1 (1921–22) [80]

Tennessee[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Chattanooga Black Lookouts 1920 1927 NSL (1920, 1926–27)
  • Folded after 1920 season; re-established 1926
  • Minor league farm team for Homestead Grays 1926–27
[81]
Chattanooga Choo-Choos 1940 1946 NSL (1940–46) [citation needed]
Memphis Red Sox 1923 1962 Independent (1923)
NNL1 (1924–25, 27–30)
NSL (1926, 31–36)
NAL (1937–62)
[82]
Nashville Elite Giants
(See Baltimore Elite Giants)
1919 1934 Independent (1919–29)
NNL1 (1930)
NSL (1932)
NNL2 (1933–34)
  • Known as Nashville Standard Giants 1919–20
  • Relocated as Cleveland Cubs 1931 then returned to Nashville
[10]

Texas[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Austin Black Senators [citation needed]
Brenham Merchants [citation needed]
Houston Eagles
(See Newark Eagles)
1949 1950 NAL (1949–50)
  • Folded after 1950 season
[46][83]
San Antonio Black Bronchos 1908 1909 Independent (1908–09) [84]
San Antonio Black Indians [citation needed]

Washington[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Seattle Steelheads 1946 1946 WCNBL (1946) [85]

Wisconsin[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
Milwaukee Bears 1923 1923 NNL1 (1923)
  • Only year in existence
[86]

Traveling teams[edit]

Team 1st Yr Last Yr Affiliation(s) Notes Ref
All Cubans 1899 1905 Independent
  • Precursor of Cuban Stars (West)
[citation needed]
All Nations 1912 1925 Independent
  • Based out of Kansas City MO and Des Moines IA
[citation needed]
Chappie Johnson's Stars [citation needed]
Colored House of David [citation needed]
Cuban Stars (East) club
  • New York Cuban Stars (1916–19)
  • Havana Cuban Stars (1920)
  • Cuban Stars (East) (1921–c. 34)
1916 c. 1934 Independent (1916–22)
ECL (1923–28)
ANL (1929)
Independent (1930–c. 34)
  • Played road games primarily in the New York and northeast region of the US
[citation needed]
Cuban Stars (West) club
  • Cuban Stars of Havana (1906–19)
  • Cincinnati Cuban Stars (1920–21)
  • Cuban Stars (West) (1922–32)
1906 1932 IL (1906)
NA (1907–09)
Independent (1910–19)
NNL1 (1920–30)
Independent (1931)
EWL (1932)
  • Played road games for its first five years primarily in the eastern states near New York City and Philadelphia
  • By 1916 the team was competing primarily in the northern midwestern states
  • Based in Cincinnati 1920–21 and then returned to playing only road games
[citation needed]
Ethiopian Clowns
(See Indianapolis Clowns)
c. 1930s 1942 Independent (c. 1930s–42)
  • Generally based out of Miami
[citation needed]
Mineola Black Spiders c. 1932 c. 1937 Independent
  • Generally based out of northern Iowa
[citation needed]
New York Gorhams 1886 1892 Independent (1886)
NCBBL (1887)
Independent (1888–92)
  • Generally based out of various East coast cites from New Jersey to Connecticut
[87]
Tennessee Rats c. 1911 c. 1926 Independent
  • Generally not consider a Negro league team
  • Based out of Holden MO
[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birmingham Black Barons". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  2. ^ Gary Ashwill (ed.). "Birmingham Giants". Negro leagues database (Seamheads.com). Gary Ashwill. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Negro league teams". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  4. ^ "Montgomery Grey Sox". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  5. ^ "Montgomery, Alabama Negro League City Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  6. ^ "1946 Los Angeles White Sox". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  7. ^ "1946 Oakland Larks". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  8. ^ "1946 San Diego Tigers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  9. ^ "1946 San Francisco Sea Lions". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Baltimore Elite Giants". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  11. ^ a b "Homestead Grays". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  12. ^ a b "Jacksonville Red Caps". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  13. ^ a b "Atlanta Black Crackers". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Indianapolis ABCs". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  15. ^ a b "Chicago American Giants". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved 2013-02-26. 
  16. ^ "1945 Chicago Brown Bombers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  17. ^ "Chicago Columbia Giants". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  18. ^ Gary Ashwill (ed.). "Chicago Giants". Negro leagues database (Seamheads.com). Gary Ashwill. Retrieved 2013-02-26. 
  19. ^ a b "The Negro League Teams". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  20. ^ "Chicago Union Giants". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
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External links[edit]