Mad Girl's Love Song

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"Mad Girl's Love Song" is a poem written by Sylvia Plath in villanelle form that was published in 1953, ten years before her death by suicide. She wrote this poem while attending Smith College and described it as being one of her favorite poems that she had written.[1] "Mad Girl's Love Song" was originally published in Mademoiselle, a New York based magazine geared toward young women.[2] This poem was first formally published during the same month of her first suicide attempt.[3]


The poem is written in the villanelle or villanesque form of poetry, which contains nineteen lines. These lines consist of five tercets and a quatrain at the end. Two lines of the opening tercet, the first and the third, are known as refrains and are repeated alternately throughout the poem as the final lines of the following tercets.[citation needed] In this poem, the refrains are the lines "I think I made you up inside my head" and "I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead". Villanelle poems have an intricate rhyme scheme of ABA ABA ABA ABA ABA ABAA using only two different sounds.[4]

Themes and symbolism[edit]

"Mad Girl's Love Song" portrays a young woman who has lost a love that was very significant to her. While dealing with this loss, the narrator is having a struggle with her own mind about if this lover was real or if she made them up inside of her head. This confusion about the narrator's own sanity is significant since it is widely known that Plath herself struggled greatly with mental health and this poem was written only a couple of months before her first attempted suicide in 1953. This is a confessional poem in which Plath unashamedly writes about a narrator with themes of depression and even schizophrenia.

The poem uses religious figures and symbols, including God, Satan and his men, Seraphim, and Hell. In this poem, the religious figures and symbols that she uses are ultimately destroyed, symbolizing her mental state deteriorating because of the loss of her love that was so vital to her.

Plath gives the stars in "Mad Girl's Love Song" the ability to 'waltz' while making darkness able to 'gallop in,' an example of personification.[5] She also uses many allusions in this poem. In the fourth stanza of "Mad Girl's Love Song" readers can see religious allusions referring to "God toppling from the sky" and "Hell's fires fading" that signal to the reader that the narrator's belief in religion is crumbling around her because of the loss of her vital lover. The references to 'Seraphim' and 'Satan's men' also continue these religious allusions.


The legacy of Sylvia Plath as a confessional poet who fully embodied the role of a somewhat angsty and woman Plath's work is considered by many non-radical feminists to be a voice that clearly communicates the anger of women, as well as their feminine energy and fears, while many radical feminists insist that she does not have the interests of women at heart and that her work is filled with patriarchal ideologies.[6]

"Mad Girl's Love Song" has some religious references that ended up being mostly destroyed in the last few stanzas; Plath believed that traditional religion was mostly useless to women, as it normally only had the interests and values of men in mind. Years after the publication of Mad Girl's Love Song" she wrote a feminist critique of the Christian religion in which she states that the concept of the holy Trinity is completely made up by men for men.[7] These ideas about religion and feminism that she had can explain the symbols of religion in "Mad Girl's Love Song" being deteriorated by the narrator after losing her lover.


  1. ^ Wilson, Andrew (2013). Mad Girl's Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted. Simon and Schuster.
  2. ^ "Sylvia Plath's 'Mad Girl's Love Song' from Mademoiselle". British Library. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  3. ^ Cooper, Brian (June 2003). "Sylvia Plath and the depression continuum". J R Soc Med. 96 (6): 296–301. doi:10.1258/jrsm.96.6.296. PMC 539515. PMID 12782699.
  4. ^ Martiny, Erik (2011). A Companion to Poetic Genre. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781444344295.
  5. ^ Luu, Chi (3 March 2016). "Personification Is Your Friend: The Language of Inanimate Objects". Lingua Obscura. Retrieved 9 October 2019 – via JSTOR.
  6. ^ Uroff, Margaret Dickie (Spring 1979). "On Reading Sylvia Plath". College Literature. 6 (2): 121–122. JSTOR 25111261.
  7. ^ Ferretter, Luke (2009). "'What Girl Ever Flourished in Such Company?': Sylvia Plath's Religion". The Yearbook of English Studies. Modern Humanities Research Association. 39 (1–2): 101–113. JSTOR 25679863.