Amalberga of Maubeuge
|Saint Amalberga of Maubeuge|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Major shrine||Binche, Belgium|
|Feast||10 July and 10 June|
|Attributes||holding an open book and with a crown on her head|
Saint Amalberga of Maubeuge (also Amalburga, Amalia, or Amelia of Lobbes or Binche) was a Merovingian nun and saint who lived in the 7th century. She is said to have been the sister or niece of Pippin of Landen and would have married Count Witger, Duke of Lorraine. In her biography she is presented as the mother of five saints: Emebert, Reineldis, Pharaildis, Ermelindis and Gudula. Amalberga joined the monastic community at Maubeuge Abbey after the birth of her youngest daughter Gudula.
Her feast is celebrated on July 10. The translation of her relics from Lobbes to Binche (event of the 15th century) is celebrated on June 10.
The biography of Amalberga of Maubeuge (s:la:Vita S. Amalbergae viduae) is probably written by Abbott Hugo of Lobbes (1033–1063) between 1033 and 1048. Apart from a few Merovingian details, her genealogy was copied from another 11th-century hagiography, namely the Martyr story of Catherine of Alexandria. The biographical profile of her legendary husband, duke Witger of Lotharingia, is inspired on an historical figure from the 10th century, Wigeric of Lotharingia.
- Van Droogenbroeck, F. J., 'Paltsgraaf Wigerik van Lotharingen, inspiratiebron voor de legendarische graaf Witger in de Vita Gudilae', Eigen Schoon en De Brabander 93 (2010) 113-136.
- Van Droogenbroeck, F. J., 'Hugo van Lobbes (1033-1053), auteur van de Vita Amalbergae viduae, Vita S. Reinildis en Vita S. Berlendis', Eigen Schoon en De Brabander 94 (2011) 367-402.
- Van Droogenbroeck, F. J., 'Kritisch onderzoek naar de interacties tussen de Vita S. Gudilae en de Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium.', Eigen Schoon en De Brabander 95 (2012) 311-346.