Marine Engineering and Research Institute
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|Motto||Samudra Gyanam Gyan Samudram|
|Established||August 1949 at Bombay and Calcutta|
|Principal||(Director I/C) Eswara Arun Kishore (MERI,Kolkata) & (Director I/C) Captain Yogesh C. Shah (MERI,Mumbai)|
|Location||Calcutta and Mumbai|
The Marine Engineering and Research Institute (MERI), formerly known as the Directorate of Marine Engineering Training (DMET), Recently known as Indian Maritime University - Kolkata Campus and Mumbai campus, is India's national and the best known institute for the training of marine engineers.
MERI,Calcutta offers a (four-years pre-sea) Bachelor's degree program in Marine Engineering, admissions for which are made through the CET conducted by Indian Maritime University (IMU). MERI,Bombay offers (One-Year pre-sea) Post-Graduate Diploma In Marine Engineering whose admissions are made through All-India Based Entrance Exam conducted by Reputed Shipping Organisations on behalf of MERI,Mumbai. MERI, Mumbai also offers (three -years pre-sea) B.Sc in Maritime Science which is a Dual Certification Degree programme , admission of which are made through the CET. All degrees are now granted by Indian Maritime University(IMU). The Cadets of B.Sc in Maritime Science are well educated and trained in both Nautical and Engine disciplines. MERI, Mumbai also offers (four-years pre-sea)bachelor's degree program in marine engineering, admissions for which are made through CET conducted [IMU].
Marine engineering training in India had its beginning in 1927 on board the Training Ship Dufferin. Eight years prior, the first Indian owned vessel, S.S. "Loyalty" sailed out of Bombay Harbour on April 5, 1919 for London. The vessel was owned by M/S. Scindia Steam Navigation Company. The Master and the other officers were British. Subsequently, Sir P. S. Sivaswamy Iyer, KCSI, CIE moved a resolution in the Indian Legislature to train Indians for the merchant marine. The R.I.M.S Dufferin was acquired by the Department of Commerce and commissioned as a training ship.
In November 1927, the first batch of 50 nautical cadets joined the I.M.M.T.S. Dufferin under the command of Capt. Superintendent Sir Henry Digby Beste. In 1935, training of engineering cadets commenced on the Dufferin with each batch consisting of 25 nautical and 25 engineering cadets. Some famous graduates were Capt. M. J. Sayeed of NOL, Vice Admiral R. D. Katari, India's first Indian Chief of Naval Staff, DMET's founding Deputy Directors Mr. S. Kasthuri (who later went on to head INS Shivaji and Cochin Shipyard) and Mr. T.K.T. Srisailam. At least eight of the Dufferin's graduates rose to be admirals. Many of the graduates rose to be the Principal Examiner of Engineers and the Chief Surveyor to the Government of India. At least one, K. Ramakrishna, was appointed as the Principal Examiner of Engineers at the Department of Trade, UK.
In 1947, the newly independent country's founders foresaw the need for an up-to-date Merchant Marine. Article 246 of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India mandates that the Indian Union has jurisdiction and the responsibility for "Maritime shipping and navigation, including shipping and navigation on tidal waters; provision of education and training for the mercantile marine and regulation of such education and training provided by States and other agencies."
On the recommendation of The Merchant Navy Officers Training Committee, constituted in 1947 by the Government of India, the function of pre-sea training of marine engineers was transferred ashore under a new name. The 'Directorate of Marine Engineering Training'(DMET in short) began operations on August 10, 1949, in temporary facilities in Boribunder in Bombay, and Gorachand Road in Park Circus, Calcutta, with a total intake of 50 students (20 at Bombay and 30 at Calcutta). The institute moved into new facilities in Taratala Road in 1953 and Lower Parel in 1966.
The new building in Calcutta was inaugurated as the Marine Engineering College on December 14, 1953 by the Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru with the Transport Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in attendance. J. S. H. Stephenson assumed Directorship in Calcutta. S. Kasthuri was Deputy Director at Calcutta and T. K. T. Srisailam was appointed Deputy Director at Bombay. K. S. Subramaniam, Motee L. Jagtianie and B. D. Merchant were appointed as Officers in the Calcutta branch.
Students trained at marine workshops during the day and attended classes by at night for the three years of the program. The fourth year was devoted fully to classroom instruction at Calcutta. In August 1958, the intake was increased to 60 students and to 100 in the subsequent year. In 1962, an all-India entrance examination was introduced to streamline the standard of the incoming class. In 1982, the Institute of Engineers (India) started recognizing DMET graduates with a First Class (Motor or Steam) licence as equivalent to a graduate engineer, with the right to be called a Chartered Engineer and use "C. Eng(I)" after their names.
In 1975, Indian Shipping Industry for the first time felt the requirement of Graduate Mechanical Engineers and since then Graduate Mechanical Engineers from institutions like NITs, Punjab Engineering College (PEC),UIET (Chandigarh), College of Engineering Pune and state government colleges have been passing out from MERI (DMET), Bombay. Initially,the course used to be for six months and was named as Post-Graduate Course in Marine Engineering issued by Govt. of India, later on the course gained its recognition as Post-Graduate Diploma In Marine Engineering (PGDME) issued by IMU.
In 1977–78, an expert committee nominated by the government of India, headed by Prof. Shankar Lal, ex-Director of IIT Kharagpur, recommended changes in the DMET course curriculum mainly pertaining to class contact hours, practical training. The incorporation of these changes led to the recognition of the graduation certificate of the four-year course at DMET, as being equivalent to a first degree in Marine Engineering, by the Government of India, starting 1983.
As part of a revamp of the marine engineering training process in India, in October 1991, the government of India appointed a Committee on Maritime Education and Training – COMET, under the chairmanship of Dr. Chandrika Prasad Srivastava, ex-Secretary General of International Maritime Organization, to study the status of all maritime training institutes in the country and present recommendations. Based on COMET's findings, the Merchant Marine Education and Research Trust – MMERT, was formed with the assistance of ship owners' associations, as a first step, towards the formation of an Indian Maritime University, to supervise and control maritime education at Indian institutes.In the year 2001,MERI (Mumbai) launched a dual-degree course in Maritime Science, admissions through IIT-JEE Extension List.
The Indian marine engineer became synonymous with DMET. Almost every major shipping company in the world has at least one DMETian in its onshore management personnel or floating staff. Many of the world's largest vessels: the ULCCs, are manned by Indian marine engineers. DMET graduates went on to found marine engineering workshops, build companies, found maritime training institutes, develop surveying standards, and pursue careers in management.
The four government-owned maritime institutes – LBS CAMSAR Mumbai, TS Chanakya, Navi Mumbai, MERI Kolkata, and MERI Mumbai – were integrated under the auspices of the Indian Maritime University in 2008.
DMET/MERI celebrated its Diamond Jubilee on 14 December 2010.
Directors of the institute
- J. S. H. Stephenson
- S. Kasthuri
- T. K. T. Srisailam
- K. S. Subramaniam
- S. D. Srivastava
- D. K. Sanyal (acting)
- K. Kishor
- S. Ganguly (acting)
- D. C. Agnihotri (acting)
- B. N. Bera
- S. Mukhopadhyay
- S. K. Sarkar
- M. K. Ghosh
- K. Das (acting)
- Eswara Arun Kishore (I/C)
MERI has a workshop with machinery, equipment, steam engine and a diesel engine (Kawasaki-MAN, 6000 BHP) for training and to meet IMO and AICTE requirements. Students visit marine workshops for on the job training. Laboratories are provided for cadets/students to conduct practical experiments. Class rooms and teaching aids are in compliance with AICTE requirements.
The Ministry of Education and Culture accorded approval to the graduation certificate issued by the institution as being equivalent to a bachelor's degree in Marine Engineering with effect from 1980–1983 course for the purpose of recruitment to posts under the Central Government.
The Graduation certificate issued by the institution received recognition from the Institution of Engineers (India) as an exempting qualification from their A and B examinations from 1982 onwards.
The course has the approval of A.I.C.T.E.
In order to meet the IMO requirements for marine engineers working on board ship the training curriculum has been oriented to comply with the requirements of the STCW 95 convention.
For quality accreditation, the institute is a certified ISO-9001 institute. It complies with the Indian Government's Right to Information Act.
There are 286 seats available in MERI, Kolkata for admission into B.Tech. in Marine Engineering. MERI, Mumbai provides 80 seats for admission into B.Tech. Marine Engineering and 40 seats for B.sc Maritime Science (BMS) .120 seats are available in TS Chanakya, Navi Mumbai for admission in B.Sc. Nautical science. 10 seats are reserved for foreign nationals in TS Chanakya, MERI, Kolkata and MERI, Mumbai. Of the remainder, 15% are reserved for SC and 7-1/2% for ST. Admission was made through the prestigious IIT JEE, conducted by Indian Institutes of Technology, till 2012. Now admissions are made through All India CET (Indian Maritime University), conducted every year.
- 120 seats for PGDME entry at MERI,Mumbai is through sponsorship from foreign shipping companies and Indian Shipping companies including The shipping Corporation Of India.
Candidates have 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and with a minimum age as mentioned in the prospectus with relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST candidates.
1. P.K. Banerjee, CEO and Country Manager, M/s Lloyd's Register of Shipping (India and Sri Lanka)
2. S. K. Gupta, Global Vice President of Operations for Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company (SSC)
3. A.K.Gupta, Chairman Managing Director, The Shipping Corporation of India
4. Sanjay Dixit , Officer of the Indian Administrative Service in the rank of Addl. Secretary, GOI. Principal Secretary to Govt. of Rajasthan, Command Area Development Deptt.. Secretary General, Rajasthan Cricket Association Member, Finance Committee, BCCI
5. B.S. Teeka, He started his sailing career in 1979 with the Shipping Corporation of India as a junior engineer. He founded the Executive Group of companies in 1998 and has since overseen its growth into an organization that has 12 offices worldwide, employing over 6000 seagoing and shore personnel.
6. Yatin Gangla, COO at Thome Group.
7. Ehsan Mesbahi, Mr Ehsan Mesbashi is 1988 batch pass out from DMET-MERI. He has served on a number of strategic and policy-making committees including the United Nation’s Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), and has been a strategic advisor to governments and universities for development of their research, academic and global policies and implementation plans. He served Newcastle University International Singapore (NUIS) as Dean and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) . He was the founder and director of Newcastle University Marine International.
8. Bala Subramaniam, Mr. Bala Subramaniam is 1963 batch passed out of DMET Kolkata went to MIT, Boston, USA graduated in Naval Architecture, Ship Building and Ship Management. He retired from active service of the Adani Group where he served as Executive Director of Adani Shipping Pte Ltd. He served the United Nations for 23 years as a Principal Adviser to the Secretary General of UNCTAD and Senior Maritime Specialist (ILO and World Bank).
9. Ravi Kumar Mehrotra, After passing out as a marine engineer in 1964 from DMET, Ravi. K. Mehrotra quickly rose through the ranks at the Shipping Corporation of India. In 1984, he established Foresight Limited in London and was awarded Honorary CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 2006. He established the shuttle service for the export of Iranian oil during the Iran/Iraq War, shuttling 2.2 million barrels per day. Following which he developed a fleet of ships trading internationally. He is a member of Lloyds Registry Shipping Committee and is on the committees of DNV UK and American Bureau of Shipping.
Laboratories include Mechanical Lab, Hydraulic Lab, Heat Lab, Electronics Lab, Electrical Lab, Control Lab, Boiler Lab, Computer Lab, Marpol Lab, Fire Fighting Lab, Simulation Lab, and Seamanship Lab.
The institute has a technical library, stocked with books, journals, videos, and periodicals.
The workshop has a test rig, diesel engine and working models of ship machinery and components.
Residence in the hostel is compulsory and in dormitories for men and women.
Cadets wear uniform throughout their period of training.