Meganomiinae

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Meganomiinae
Meganomia gigas 01.jpg
Meganomia gigas
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Clade: Anthophila
Family: Melittidae
Subfamily: Meganomiinae
Subfamilies

Ceratomonia
Meganomia
Pseudophilanthus
Uromonia

Meganomiinae is a subfamily of melittid bees, with 10 species in four genera, found only in Africa, primarily in xeric habitats, with the distributional limits in Yemen and Madagascar.[1] They are rather different in appearance from the other groups of past/present melittids, being large bees (10–22 mm), mostly black with strong yellow markings, resembling anthidiine megachilids.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Initial molecular work suggested that the family Melittidae was paraphyletic, and that it's subfamilies (including Meganomiinae) should therefore be elevated to family status.[2][3] However, these studies included very few melittids, due to their rarity. A 2013 investigation included a greater number of melittid bees and concluded that the family was probably monophyletic, thus supporting Meganomiinae as a subfamily of Melittidae.[4]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michez, Denis (2008). "Monographic revision of the melittid bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Melittidae sensu lato)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Netherlands Entomological Society meeting 19: 32. 
  2. ^ Danforth, B.N., Sipes, S., Fang, J., Brady, S.G. (2006). "The history of early bee diversification based on five genes plus morphology". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 15118–15123. doi:10.1073/pnas.0604033103. PMC 1586180. PMID 17015826. 
  3. ^ Danforth, Bryan. "Bees-a primer" (PDF). Current Biology 17 (5): 156–161. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.01.025. 
  4. ^ Hedtke, Shannon H. (2013). "The bee tree of life: a supermatrix approach to apoid phylogeny and biogeography". BMC Evolutionary Biology 13 (138): 1–13.