Mexilhoeira Grande

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Mexilhoeira Grande
Parish
Coat of arms of Mexilhoeira Grande
Coat of arms
Mexilhoeira Grande is located in Portugal
Mexilhoeira Grande
Mexilhoeira Grande
Coordinates: 37°09′29″N 8°36′50″W / 37.158°N 8.614°W / 37.158; -8.614Coordinates: 37°09′29″N 8°36′50″W / 37.158°N 8.614°W / 37.158; -8.614
Country Portugal
Region Algarve
Subregion Algarve
Intermunic. comm. Algarve
District Faro
Municipality Portimão
Area
 • Total 91.15 km2 (35.19 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,029
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Website www.freguesiamexigrande.pt

Mexilhoeira Grande (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɨʃiˌʎwɐi̯ɾɐ ˈɡɾɐ̃dɨ]) is a civil parish in the municipality (concelho) of Portimão in the southern Portuguese region of the Algarve. The population in 2011 was 4,029,[1] in an area of 91.15 km².[2]

Geography[edit]

Mexilhoeira Grande is situated in the north of the municipality of Portimão, primarily encompassing rural lands comprising white-painted homes, traditionally agricultural in character.

It is bordered in the north by Monchique, by Portimão in the east, Alvor to the south, and by the parishes of Odiáxere, Bensafrim and Marmelete, in the north and northwest, respectively.

Economy[edit]

The region's economy is primarily agricultural-based, although tourism has an important influence on local revenues. The International Aerodrome of the Algarve, is the natural gateway to the region; situated in an area of plains, approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the north of the parish, it is interconnected by variants of the Estrada Nacional EN125.

Architecture[edit]

The Roman era ruins of Quinta da Abicade 2
The railway station of Mexilhoeira Grande, used as part of the Algarve Line, until it was converted

Prehistoric[edit]

  • Megalithic Monuments of Alcalar (Monumentos de Alcalar/Conjunto Pré-histórico de Alcalar/Povoado Calcolítico de Alcalar/Necrópole Megalítica de Alcalar), likely constructed between in the third millennium BCE and 1600 BCE, at the height of the Calcolithic, consisting of several burial mounds/tombs, that were later acquired by the State, with formal excavations beginning at the end of the 20th century;[3][4]

Archaeological[edit]

  • Roman ruins of Quinta da Abicada (Estação Romana da Quinta da Abicada, from excavations carried out by José Leite de Vasconcelos (1917) and José Formosinho Sanches (1938), it was determined that this Roman centre was existed in the 1st century;[5]

Civic[edit]

  • Railway Station of Mexilhoeira Grande (Estação Ferroviária da Mexilhoeira Grande), constructed in the turn-of-the century, the railway station is typical design for the period, but was redesigned to act as the Centro de Interpretação Ambiental da Ria de Alvor (Environmental Interpretative Centre for the Alvor River);[6]

Religious[edit]

  • Chapel of Nossa Senhora dos Passos (Capela da Senhora dos Passos/Capela de Nosso Senhor dos Passos) a Baroque-era chapel with Neo-classical lines, the small temple consists of a space with simple vaulted-ceiling, with many 19th century decorations, including tympanium in the principal portico and neoclassical retable;[7]
  • Church of Figueira (Igreja da Figueira)[8]
  • Church of the Misericórdia (Igreja da Misericórdia), the single-nave 15th-century church, was founded after the establishment of the Misericórdia, the local benevolent and social society;[9]
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Igreja Paroquial de Mexilhoeira Grande/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Assunção), the parochial church of Mexilhoeira Grande, this church is recognized for its Manueline, Renaissance and Baroque elements, that include an interior of three naves, separated by arches, it tower and triumphal archways and main Renaissance-era portico and northern arched apse chapel;[10]
  • Church of Nossa Senhora de Verde (Igreja de Nossa Senhora de Verde), constructed in the 15th century, the single nave temple is in considerable ruins, resulting in the closing of the process of classification by the Director of IGESPAR, "not just the state of conservation of the building, but also the fact that it was not possible, actually, classify the structure for municipal use";[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Direção-Geral do Território[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Martins, A. (2011). IGESPAR, ed. "Archaeological Circuits in Alentejo and Algarve" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: IGESPAR-Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Neto, João; Gordalina, Rosário (1998). SIPA, ed. "Monumentos de Alcalar/Conjunto Pré-histórico de Alcalar/Povoado Calcolítico de Alcalar/Necrópole Megalítica de Alcalar (PT050811020001)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon,Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Neto, João (1991), SIPA, ed., Estação Romana da Quinta da Abicada (PT050811020002) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 29 January 2013 
  6. ^ Gordalina, Rosário (2011), SIPA, ed., Estação Ferroviária da Mexilhoeira Grande (PT050811020053) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 28 January 2013 
  7. ^ Fernandes, Paulo (2001), SIPA, ed., Capela da Senhora dos Passos/Capela de Nosso Senhor dos Passos (PT050811020016) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 28 January 2013 
  8. ^ Gordalina, Rosário (2012), SIPA, ed., Igreja da Figueira (PT050811020059) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 28 January 2013 
  9. ^ a b Viegas, Patrícia (2000), SIPA, ed., Igreja de Misericórdia (PT050811020022) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 28 January 2013  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SIPAR3" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  10. ^ Lameira, Francisco; Oliveira, Lina (2006), SIPA, ed., Igreja Paroquial de Mexilhoeira Grande/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Assunção (PT050811020020) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 28 January 2013