Michael Russell (bishop of Glasgow and Galloway)
He was the eldest son of John Russell of Edinburgh. Matriculating at the University of Glasgow November 1800, he graduated M.A. in 1806. He was then appointed second master of Stirling grammar school; but, having become a convert to the Scottish Episcopal Church, he resigned the post and opened a school of his own.
In 1808 Russell was admitted into deacon's orders, and ordained to the charge of a small congregation in Alloa; he continued with his school until his appointment in the autumn of the following year to the charge of St. James's Chapel, Leith. In 1831 he was made dean of the diocese of Edinburgh, and on 8 October 1837 he was ordained bishop of Glasgow and Galloway, on the separation of the diocese from Edinburgh and St. Andrews. The religious opinions of Russell were liberal enough to cause his orthodoxy to be questioned.
Russell was active on behalf of the bill passed in 1840 removing religious disabilities from Scottish episcopalians. In 1820 he received the degree of LL.D. from the University of Glasgow, and in 1842 the University of Oxford conferred on him the diploma degree of D.C.L., for which he was admitted a member of St John's College.
Russell was a prolific author. He was a contributor to the Encyclopædia Metropolitana and the British Critic, and he was for some time editor of the Scottish Episcopal Review and Magazine. To the Edinburgh Cabinet Library he contributed volumes on Palestine, 1831, Ancient and Modern Egypt, 1831, Nubia and Abyssinia, 1833, The Barbary States, 1835, Polynesia, 1842, and Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Isles, 1850. For Constable's Miscellany he wrote a life of Oliver Cromwell (1829, 2 vols.).
Besides sermons and charges, Russell was also the author of:
- A View of Education in Scotland, 1813;
- Connection of Sacred and Profane History from the Death of Joshua to the Decline of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, 3 vols. 1827, intended to complete the works of Samuel Shuckford and Humphrey Prideaux;
- Observations on the Advantages of Classical Learning, 1830; and
- a History of the Church of Scotland in Rivington's Theological Library, 1834.
He published an edition of Robert Keith's Scottish Bishops (1824), and edited Archbishop John Spotiswood's History of the Church of Scotland for the Bannatyne Club and the Spotiswood Society jointly (1847 and 1851).
- "Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689-2000" Bertie, D.M: Edinburgh T & T Clark ISBN 0-567-08746-8
- Electric Scotland
- "The Continuing City: a sermon preached after the funeral of the Right Rev. Michael Russell, Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway" (Edinburgh, 1848) > British Library website accessed 21:53 20 December 2010
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1897). "Russell, Michael". Dictionary of National Biography. 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|Anglican Communion titles|
|Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway
Walter John Trower