Michel Loève

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Michel Loève
Michel Loève.jpg
Born (1907-01-22)January 22, 1907
Jaffa, Ottoman Syria
Died February 17, 1979(1979-02-17) (aged 72)
Berkeley, California
Nationality French, American
Alma mater University of Paris
Known for Karhunen–Loève theorem
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of California, Berkeley
University of Lyon,
University of Paris
University of London
Doctoral advisor Paul Lévy
Doctoral students Leo Breiman
Emanuel Parzen

Michel Loève (January 22, 1907 – February 17, 1979) was a French-American probabilist and mathematical statistician, of Israeli Jewish origin.[1] He is known in mathematical statistics and probability theory for the Karhunen–Loève theorem and Karhunen–Loève transform.

Michel Loève was born in Jaffa (then part of the Ottoman Empire) in 1907, to a Jewish family. He passed most of his childhood years in Egypt and received his primary and secondary education there in French schools. Later, after achieving the grades of B.L. in 1931 and A.B. in 1936, he studied mathematics at the Université de Paris under Paul Lévy, and received his Doctorat ès Sciences (Mathématiques) in 1941. In 1936 was employed as actuaire of the University of Lyon.

Because of his Jewish origin, he was arrested during the German occupation of France and sent to Drancy internment camp. One of his books[2] is dedicated "To Line and To the students and teachers of the School in the Camp de Drancy". Having survived the Holocaust, after the liberation he became between 1944 and 1946 chief of research at the Institut Henri Poincaré at Paris University, then until 1948 worked at the University of London.

After one term as a visiting professor at Columbia University he accepted the position of professor of Mathematics at Berkeley, in 1955 adding the title professor of Statistics.

He is the author of one of the earliest books on measure-theoretic probability theory and one of the best known textbooks.[3] He is memorialized via the Loève Prize created by his widow Line.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.jehps.net/juin2010/Simon.pdf
  2. ^ Loève, Michel (1955). Probability Theory. Princeton, New Jersey, USA: D Van Nostrand. pp. xvi+685. 
  3. ^ Hoffman-Jorgensen, J. (1994). Probability with a View Towards Statistics. 2. CRC Press. p. 131. For a long time Loève's book served as the standard textbook on advanced probability theory. 

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