Michler's ketone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Michler's ketone
Michler's ketone.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methanone
Other names
4,4'-Bis(N,N-dimethylamino)benzophenone
4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone
Bis(p-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl)ketone
Michler ketone
Michler's Ketone
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.843
EC Number 202-027-5
KEGG
Properties
C17H20N2O
Molar mass 268.36 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless solid
Melting point 173 °C (343 °F; 446 K)
Hazards
Safety data sheet External MSDS
not listed
Related compounds
Related compounds
Benzophenone
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Michler’s ketone is an organic compound with the formula of [(CH3)2NC6H4]2CO. This electron-rich derivative of benzophenone is an intermediate in the production of dyes and pigments, for example Methyl violet. It is also used as a photosensitizer.[1] It is named after the German chemist Wilhelm Michler.

Synthesis[edit]

The ketone is prepared today as it was originally by Michler using the Friedel-Crafts acylation of dimethylaniline (C6H5NMe2) using phosgene (COCl2) or equivalent reagents such as triphosgene (Me = methyl):[2]

COCl2 + 2 C6H5NMe2 → (Me2NC6H4)2CO + 2 HCl

The related tetraethyl compound (Et2NC6H4)2CO, also a precursor to dyes, is prepared similarly.

Uses[edit]

Michler’s ketone is an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes and pigments for paper, textiles, and leather. Condensation with various aniline derivatives gives several of the dyes called methyl violet, such as crystal violet.

Condensation of Michler's ketone with N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine gives the dye Victoria Blue B (CAS#2580-56-5, CI Basic Blue 26), which is used for coloring paper and producing pastes and inks for ballpoint pens.

Michler’s ketone is commonly used as an additive in dyes and pigments as a sensitizer for photoreactions because of its absorption properties. Michler’s ketone is an effective sensitizer provided energy transfer is exothermic and the concentration of the acceptor is sufficiently high to quench the photoreaction of Michler’s ketone with itself. Specifically Michler’s ketone absorbs intensely at 366 nm and effectively sensitizes photochemical reactions such as the dimerization of butadiene to give 1,2-divinylcyclobutane.[3]

Related compounds[edit]

Auramine O, a dye, is a salt of the iminium cation [(CH3)2NC6H4]2CNH2+. Michler's thione, [(CH3)2NC6H4]2CS, is prepared by treatment of Michler's ketone with hydrogen sulfide in the presence of acid or sulfideing auramine O.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kan, Robert O. (1966). Organic Photochemistry. New York: McGraw-Hill. 
  2. ^ W. Michler (1876). "Synthese aromatischer Ketone mittelst Chlorkohlenoxyd". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. 9: 716–718. doi:10.1002/cber.187600901218. 
  3. ^ Charles D. DeBoer, Nicholas J. Turro, and George S. Hammond (1973). "cis- and trans-1,2-Divinylcyclobutane". Org. Synth.  ; Coll. Vol., 5, p. 528 
  4. ^ Elofson, R. M.; Baker, Leslie A.; Gadallah, F. F.; Sikstrom, R. A. (1964). "The Preparation of Thiones in the Presence of Anhydrous Hydrogen Fluoride". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 29 (6): 1355. doi:10.1021/jo01029a020.