Ministry of Education and Vocational Training

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Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
Wizara ya Elimu, Sayansi na Teknolojia  (Swahili)
Ministry overview
Jurisdiction Tanzania
Headquarters Kivukoni Front, Dar es Salaam
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible

The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology is a government body responsible for providing education in Tanzania. The head offices are located in Dar es Salaam. Dr. Joyce Ndalichako is the Minister for Education, Science and Technology.[1]

Organization of ministry[edit]

The permanent secretary, Sifuni Mchome, acts as the main custodian of the ministry's resources and is its chief accounting officer. The policy and planning division and the management information unit are under the secretary's direct supervision.[2]

The commissioner of education, under the permanent secretary, is the chief academic advisor in all aspects of professional departments and parastatal organizations. The commissioner supervises the special needs education unit, the distance learning unit, the school registration unit, the primary education division, the secondary education division, the teacher education division, the technical and vocational education division, the higher education division, the adult and non formal education division, and the school inspectorate division.[2]

The core functions of the ministry are coordinated through the following divisions and units:[3]

The support functions of the ministry are provided by the following divisions and units:[3]

Education agencies, authorities, boards, councils, commissions, and institutes[edit]

Other Tanzanian educational organizations exist, some of which are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training. They include:

Tanzania Institute of Education[edit]

The Tanzania Institute of Education (TIE) is a parastatal organization under the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training. TIE is "charged with the responsibility of ensuring the quality of education in Tanzania at the pre-school, primary, secondary and teacher training levels." It was founded in 1963 under an act of parliament whereby TIE was under the University College of Dar es Salaam, then a constituent of the University of East Africa. In 1975, parliament legally disengaged TIE from the University of Dar es Salaam and made TIE a state corporation.[22]

Institute of Adult Education[edit]

The Institute of Adult Education was established in 1975.[23] The institute is responsible for running continuing and non-formal education programmes for adults, with special emphasis on rural communities.[2]

National Examinations Council of Tanzania[edit]

The National Examinations Council of Tanzania was established in 1973.[24] The council is responsible for administering all national examinations and awarding primary, secondary, and post-secondary official diplomas.[2]

Tanzania Library Services Board[edit]

The Tanzania Library Services Board (TLSB) was established in 1963[25] but is now governed by a law passed in 1975.[26] TLSB promotes, establishes, equips, and develops libraries, information centers, and documentation centers. TLSB provides information to all groups of people, including children, youth, adults, and disadvantaged groups. In carrying out these responsibilities, TLSB acquires, organizes, and distributes books, non-book materials, and other forms of information materials to individuals, schools, institutions, and the public.[15]

Agency for the Development of Educational Management[edit]

The Agency for the Development of Educational Management was established under the Executive Agencies Act, 1997.[27] Its purpose is to provide regular and systematized educational management and administration training for all categories of educational management and administration personnel in the education service.[16]

Vocational Education and Training Authority[edit]

VETA Office in Mtwara

The Vocational Education and Training Authority was established in 1994.[28] It is an autonomous government agency charged with the overall responsibility for coordinating, regulating, financing, providing, and promoting vocational education and training.[2][17]

National Council for Technical Education[edit]

The National Council for Technical Education was established in 1998.[29] It is responsible for overseeing the provision of quality technical education and training in Tanzania.[30]

Higher Education Students' Loans Board[edit]

The Higher Education Students' Loans Board (HESLB) was established in 2004.[31] HESLB is responsible for issuing loans to students pursuing advanced/higher diplomas and degree studies at accredited higher education institutions in and outside the country. HESLB is also required to collect repayment for all loans issued to students since 1994, so as to make the scheme successful and sustainable.[19]

Tanzania Education Authority[edit]

The Tanzania Education Authority is a corporate body established in 2001.[32] Its purpose is to manage the Education Fund, which supports education projects submitted by universities, technical colleges, and full-registered schools.[20]

Tanzania Commission for Universities[edit]

The Tanzania Commission for Universities (TCU) was established in 2005 as the successor to the Higher Education Accreditation Council.[33] Prior to the establishment of TCU, each higher education institution implemented its mandatory functions as stipulated in its individual Act of Parliament or constitutions. In the same Act that established TCU, Parliament repealed all the prior Acts that dealt with institutions individually. Each institution was then required to register with TCU.[2]

TCU is a body corporate mandated to recognize, approve, register, and accredit universities operating in Tanzania, and local or foreign university level programs being offered by non-TCU registered higher education institutions. TCU also coordinates the proper functioning of all university institutions in Tanzania to foster a harmonized higher education system in the country.[21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Honorable Dr. Shukuru Kawambwa
  2. ^ a b c d e f "World Data on Education: VII Ed. 2010/11", United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, revised August 2010, page 13
  3. ^ a b Organization Structure
  4. ^ Teacher Education Division
  5. ^ School Inspectorate Division
  6. ^ Adult and Non Formal Division
  7. ^ Technical and Vocational Education Division
  8. ^ Higher Education Division
  9. ^ Policy and Planning Division
  10. ^ Administration and Human Resources
  11. ^ Finance and Accounts
  12. ^ Tanzania Institute of Education
  13. ^ Institute of Adult Education
  14. ^ National Examinations Council of Tanzania
  15. ^ a b Tanzania Library Services Board
  16. ^ a b Agency for the Development of Educational Management
  17. ^ a b Vocational Education and Training Authority
  18. ^ National Council for Technical Education
  19. ^ a b Higher Education Students' Loans Board
  20. ^ a b Tanzania Education Authority
  21. ^ a b Tanzania Commission for Universities
  22. ^ About TIE
  23. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Institute of Adult Education Act, 1975
  24. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, National Examinations Council of Tanzania Act, 1973
  25. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Tanganyika Library Services Board Act, 1963
  26. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Tanzania Library Services Board Act, 1975
  27. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Executive Agencies Act, 1997
  28. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Vocational Education and Training Act, 1994
  29. ^ National Council for Technical Education Act, 1997
  30. ^ "Welcome by Chairman of the Council", Steven Mlote, National Council for Technical Education
  31. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Higher Education Students' Loans Board Act, 2004
  32. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Education Fund Act, 2001, Sections 4-5
  33. ^ Parliament of Tanzania, Universities Act, 2005

External links[edit]