Mansoor Dadullah

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Mullah Mansoor Dadullah
Mullah Mansoor Dadullah.jpg
Mullah Mansoor during a Taliban graduation ceremony.
Born 1972
Kingdom of Afghanistan
Died November 2015
Zabul Province, Afghanistan
Allegiance Afghanistan Taliban
Afghanistan Taliban separatists
Years of service ????–2008 (Taliban)
2008–2015 (Taliban separatists)
Rank Deputy Emir of Taliban (High Council of Afghanistan Islamic Emirate)
Battles/wars Afghan Civil War
War in Afghanistan (2001–2014)
Taliban insurgency
Waziristan War
War on Terrorism

Mullah Mansoor Dadullah (1972–2015) was Mullah Dadullah's younger half-brother who succeeded him as a senior military commander of the Taliban in southern Afghanistan. He came from the Arghandab district of Kandahar province, and belonged to the Kakar Pashtun tribe.

Militant activity[edit]

He appeared in a video which shows a "graduation Ceremony" for suicide bombers.[1] In 2007, he was thought to be approximately 30 years old.[2] During the 1990s Mullah Mansoor Dadullah served as his brothers assistant during the Taliban's fight against the Afghan Northern Alliance.[2] In November 2015, he was named as the Deputy Emir for the Taliban splinter faction, the High Council of the Afghanistan Islamic Emirate.[3]

In March 2007, Mullah Mansoor Dadullah was serving a prison sentence in Kabul when he was released in exchange for Italian journalist Daniele Mastrogiacomo, along with several other Taliban. At the time he was not thought to be an important member of the Taliban movement.[2]

After his brother was killed on May 12, 2007, a Taliban spokesman announced that Mansoor Dadullah would be taking his place as military commander of the Taliban insurgency in Southern Afghanistan. His appointment is not thought to be the result of any particular ability, but was simply due to the fact he was Dadullah's brother. Taliban leader Mullah Omar, who had resented Dadullah's brutality, was said to have opposed Mansoor Dadullah's appointment. He did, however, receive support from Al-Qaeda, who wished him to employ the tactics of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in Afghanistan.[2]

In June 2007, Mullah Mansoor Dadullah said: "Sheikh Osama Bin Laden is alive and active. He’s carrying out his duties. The latest proof that he is alive is that he sent me a letter of condolences after the martyrdom of my brother. He advised me to follow my brother’s path."[4] On December 29, 2007 Mullah Mansoor Dadullah was removed from his post as military commander by Mullah Omar due to insubordination.[5] On February 11, 2008, Dadullah was seriously wounded and captured by Pakistani security forces in a crackdown on Taliban in Gawal Ismailzai area.[6]

Release[edit]

Dadullah, alongside six other prisoners, was released by Pakistan on September 7, 2013 on the request of Afghan government for peace talks.[7] After his release, Dadullah returned to Afghanistan to reorganise his brothers followers in a renewed Mullah Dadullah Front.[8] Following the August 2015 announcement that Akhtar Mansour had succeeded the deceased Mullah Omar as leader of the Taliban, Dadullah refused to pledge allegiance to him, instead setting up a base with supporters in his native Zabul Province. Clashes followed between the forces loyal to Dadullah and Mansour.[9]

In early September, Afghan media sources had announced that Dadullah was said to have joined the Afghanistan branch of the Islamic State group, following disputes over the appointment of Akhtar Mansour as leader of the Taliban. The announcement came from an Islamic State supporter in Afghanistan who further stated that 230 IS fighters were deployed to Zabul province from Farah province to aid Dadullah's forces against 2,100 Taliban militants sent by Mansour.[10] According to the district governor of Arghandab in Zabul Province, Haji Momand Nasratyar, Dadullah’s fighters are sympathetic to the Islamic State.[11] However, other Afghan sources state that Dadullah denied joining the Islamic State in Afghanistan and was still loyal to the Taliban. He reportedly said "We are with the emirate and will (always) be." Dadullah was opposed to the Taliban leadership, calling Akhtar Mansour a "forger".[12]

Death[edit]

Dadullah was killed in November 2015 in clashes between his forces and those loyal to Taliban leader Mansour in the Khak-e-Afghan District of Zabul.[13] The claims of his death were supported by local tribal elders, government officials and Taliban commanders, however his spokesman, Mullah Naim Niazi, said that Dadullah had only been wounded.[14] Despite this denial, his faction officially confirmed his death on August 15, 2016 and named his nephew Mullah Emdadullah Mansoor as his replacement. Mansoor vowed revenge for his uncle's death.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taliban replaces slain top commander with brother". Reuters. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d Rahmani, Waliullah (24 July 2007). "Taliban Commander Mansoor Dadullah Follows his Brother's Footsteps". The Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 30 October 2008. 
  3. ^ "Afghan Taliban splinter group names Mullah Rasool as leader". BBC. 4 November 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Taliban: Bin Laden alive and well
  5. ^ "Taleban sack military commander". BBC News. 29 December 2007. Archived from the original on 30 December 2007. Retrieved 29 December 2007. 
  6. ^ Pennington, Matthew (11 February 2008). "Senior Taliban figure caught in Pakistan". USA Today. Retrieved 13 June 2008. mirror
  7. ^ Baabar, Mariana (September 8, 2013). "Dadullah among seven Afghan Taliban detainees released". The News International. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ "IS emergence sounds alarms in Afghanistan". The Express Tribune. 4 April 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Taliban's New Leader in Afghanistan Moves to Quash Dissent". The New York Times. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Taliban leader Mullah Mansoor Dadullah joined ISIS, the terror group claims". Khaama Press. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Taliban's New Leader in Afghanistan Moves to Quash Dissent". New York Times. 6 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Disaffected Dadullah denies joining Daesh after rumors". Pajhwok. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.pajhwok.com/en/2015/11/30/picture-mullah-dadullahs-dead-body-found-pajhwok
  14. ^ "Leader of Taliban Splinter Group Allied With ISIS Is Killed". The New York Times. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  15. ^ http://bigstory.ap.org/article/9019da1595b44c6781fd541e8863bedc/breakaway-taliban-faction-names-new-leader-Afghanistan