Museum David and Alice van Buuren

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David and Alice van Buuren Museum
French: Musée van Buuren
Dutch: Museum van Buuren
View of the van Buuren museum from the garden
View of the van Buuren museum from the garden
Alternative names van Buuren House
General information
Type Private house
Architectural style Amsterdam School, Art Deco
Address 41 Léo Errera Avenue
Town or city Brussels
Country Belgium
Coordinates 50°48′36.18″N 4°21′13.73″E / 50.8100500°N 4.3538139°E / 50.8100500; 4.3538139Coordinates: 50°48′36.18″N 4°21′13.73″E / 50.8100500°N 4.3538139°E / 50.8100500; 4.3538139
Construction started 1924 (1924)
Completed 1928 (1928)
Renovated 2012, 2013
Client David and Alice van Buuren
Owner David and Alice van Buuren foundation
Website
www.museumvanbuuren.com
References
[1]

The Museum David and Alice van Buuren is a private house, now a museum, built from 1924 to 1928 for banker and art collector David van Buuren and his wife Alice in Brussels, Belgium. The house was decorated by David and Alice as a total work of art to present their art collection in a rich Art Deco interior. The house is surrounded by gardens designed by Jules Buyssens in 1925 and René Pechère in 1968 and 1970. The house was declared a National Heritage site in 2001.[2] The private house became a museum in 1975 according to the testament of Alice van Buuren.

History[edit]

David van Buuren (1886–1955) was born into a Jewish family in Gouda, Netherlands.[3] He settled in Brussels in 1909 to become an important private banker. He married the Belgian Alice Piette (1890-1973) in 1922. David van Buuren asked his nephew and architect Johan Franco to start working on the plan of his future house in Brussels.[4] From 1924-1928 the van Buurens commissioned the Belgian architects Léon Govaerts and Alexis Van Vaerenbergh to build their house on the Léo Errera Avenue in Uccle following Franco's sketches.[4][5] The outdoor architecture is typical of the Amsterdam School, while its Art Deco interior was decorated by Belgian, French and Dutch designers with rare furniture, carpets and stained-glass windows.

From 1928 to 1970, the van Buurens hosted people such as Raoul Dufy, Jacques Prévert, René Lalique, Sergei Diaghilev, Erik Satie, René Magritte, David Ben-Gurion. The private house became a museum in 1975 according to the testament of Alice van Buuren.[6]

Collections[edit]

"Landscape with the Fall of Icarus", c.1590–95, oil on wood (63 by 90 centimetres (25 in × 35 in)), circle of Peter Bruegel the Elder, Museum van Buuren, Brussels, Belgium.

David van Buuren decorated his house with paintings from James Ensor, Joachim Patinir, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Hercules Seghers, Pieter Jansz Saenredam, Tsuguharu Foujita, Kees van Dongen, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Fantin-Latour, Rik Wouters, Gustave De Smet, Xavier Mellery en Constant Permeke. David was the patron of Belgian expressionist painter Gustave van de Woestijne. Van Buurens collections consists of 32 paintings of Van de Woestijne.[7]

The living room is decorated with a rich collection of modernist carpets designed by the Dutch designer Jaap Gidding[8] and a grand piano made of rosewood designed by Julius Blüthner.[9] Jan Eisenloeffel designed the 500 kg (1,100 lb) Art Deco chandelier in the entrance hall.[10][3][11]

On 16 July 2013, the paintings "Shrimps and Shells" of Belgian painter James Ensor and "The Thinker" by Dutch artist Kees van Dongen and eight small works by old masters were stolen.[12][13][14]

Garden[edit]

The gardens are an extension of the house, into which they seem to penetrate. They originally covered 26 ares (100m2) and now cover 1.5 ha. Tis is divided in three parts: the first one is "Picturesque Garden" designed by the landscape architect Jules Buyssens in 1924 that recalls the spirit of the "roaring twenties" and represents the geometrical ideas of the Art Deco. The second one, the "Labyrinth"’', is inspired by the Song of Salomon and decorated with seven sculptures by the Belgian sculptor André Willequet in 1968. The third one, "Garden of the Hearts"'’ was designed by Belgian landscape designer René Pechère in 1970 and brings a touch of romanticism to the park. There is a great harmony of style and time between the J. Buyssens's garden and the Art Deco house. 45 years later, Alice considered René Pechère's gardens as a complement of her villa. This jewel of greenery in the center of Brussels can be visited all year round.[15][16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anspach 2007.
  2. ^ Ministère de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale 2001, p. 3.
  3. ^ a b Swimberghe 2001, p. 115.
  4. ^ a b Ministère de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale 2001, p. 7.
  5. ^ Carez 1996, p. 24
  6. ^ "House". Official website van Buuren Museum. 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Collection". Official website van Buuren Museum. 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Day 2002.
  9. ^ Conseil de la Musique de la Communauté Française de Belgique 1992, p. 169-170.
  10. ^ Ministère de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale 2001, p. 4.
  11. ^ "Aus liebe zu den künsten" (PDF). Architectural Digest (in German). May 2008. 
  12. ^ Art Media Agency (23 July 2013). "Ten paintings stolen in Belgium". artmediaagency.com. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  13. ^ NEWS OF THE ART WORLD (23 July 2013). "Lightning raid on the van Buuren museum". newsoftheartworld.com. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Vol dans un musée de Bruxelles". Le Monde (in French). 16 July 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Taylor 2006, p. 42
  16. ^ Pechère 1987
  17. ^ Pechère 2008, p. 192

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]